An Introduction to the Theology of Religions
Early in the nineteenth century Ernst Troeltsch, the great German liberal thinker, published the influential essay "The Place of Christianity Among the World Religions." The question of the relation of Christianity to other religions is every bit as relevant as...
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Early in the nineteenth century Ernst Troeltsch, the great German liberal thinker, published the influential essay "The Place of Christianity Among the World Religions." The question of the relation of Christianity to other religions is every bit as relevant as and perhaps even more urgent today than it was then. Beginning with a consideration of the biblical perspective, Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen surveys the variety of diverse answers proposed by teachers of the church down through the ages. His reviews include the writings of Justin Martyr, Irenaeus and Clement of Alexandria, as well as those of Augustine, Luther, Calvin, and a broad selection of later Protestant and Catholic thinkers. He completes the historical section with an astute look at the radical challenges of Enlightenment and classical liberalism and the emergence of the fulfillment theory of religions. The bulk of Kärkkäinen's work provides a detailed and comprehensive survey of major confessional movements and theologians' opinions on the contemporary scene. Kärkkäinen provides succinct and trenchant descriptions of a wide diversity of theologians, including Karl Barth, Hendrik Kraemer, Paul Althaus, Karl Rahner, Hans Küng, Jacques Dupuis, Gavin D'Costa, Paul Tillich, Wolfhart Pannenberg, Lesslie Newbigin and M. M. Thomas, as well as Sir Norman Anderson, Clark Pinnock, Amos Yong, John Hick, Stanley Samartha, Raimundo Panikkar, Paul Knitter, Millard Erickson, Harold Netland and Vinoth Ramachandra. An Introduction to the Theology of Religions is an indispensable guide for anyone seeking to grasp and work their way through the full range of alternatives offered in answer to the question, What is the relation of Christianity to other religions?
Veli-Matti Karkkainen (D.Theol and DrTheol, Habil, University of Helsinki) is professor of systematic theology at Fuller Theological Seminary and also holds a teaching position at the University of Helsinki as Dozent of Ecumenics.
A prolific writer, Karkkinen has published 11 books in English (and seven in his native language, Finnish), most recently The Trinity: Global Perspectives (2007), One With God: Salvation as Deification and Justification (2004), and Trinity and Religious Pluralism: The Doctrine of the Trinity in Christian Theology of Religions (2004), Pneumatology: The Holy Spirit in Ecumenical, International, and Contextual Perspective and Christology: A Global Introduction. as well as more than 100 articles, which have appeared in international scholarly journals.
He is also the editor (with William Dyrness) of Global Dictionary of Theology (2008). He is a member of three working groups of the World Council of Churches and has participated in numerous international consultations. He is also an external examiner for Wales University.
- Early In The Nineteenth Century Ernst Troeltsch, The Great German Liberal Thinker, Published The Influential Essay "the Place Of Christianity Among The World Religions." The Question Of The Relation Of Christianity To Other Religions Is Every Bit As Relevant As And Perhaps Even More Urgent Today Than It Was Then. Beginning With A Consideration Of The Biblical Perspective, Veli-matti Kärkkäinen Surveys The Variety Of Diverse Answers Proposed By Teachers Of The Church Down Through The Ages. His Reviews Include The Writings Of Justin Martyr, Irenaeus And Clement Of Alexandria, As Well As Those Of Augustine, Luther, Calvin, And A Broad Selection Of Later Protestant And Catholic Thinkers. He Completes The Historical Section With An Astute Look At The Radical Challenges Of Enlightenment And Classical Liberalism And The Emergence Of The Fulfillment Theory Of Religions. The Bulk Of Kärkkäinen's Work Provides A Detailed And Comprehensive Survey Of Major Confessional Movements And Theologians' Opinions On The Contemporary Scene. Kärkkäinen Provides Succinct And Trenchant Descriptions Of A Wide Diversity Of Theologians, Including Karl Barth, Hendrik Kraemer, Paul Althaus, Karl Rahner, Hans Küng, Jacques Dupuis, Gavin D'costa, Paul Tillich, Wolfhart Pannenberg, Lesslie Newbigin And M. M. Thomas, As Well As Sir Norman Anderson, Clark Pinnock, Amos Yong, John Hick, Stanley Samartha, Raimundo Panikkar, Paul Knitter, Millard Erickson, Harold Netland And Vinoth Ramachandra. <em>an Introduction To The Theology Of Religions</em> Is An Indispensable Guide For Anyone Seeking To Grasp And Work Their Way Through The Full Range Of Alternatives Offered In Answer To The Question, What Is The Relation Of Christianity To Other Religions?
- Introduction: Christian Theology Of Religions As A Theological Discipline
- <strong>part 1: Biblical Perspectives: The Ambiguity And Promise Of The Biblical Testimony</strong>
- 1. The Overview Of Biblical Testimony
- 2. The Old Testament
- 3. The New Testament
- 4. Religion(s) In The Bible
- <strong>part 2: Historical Developments</strong>
- 5. Limited Openness To Other Religions Among Some Early Church Fathers
- 6. "outside The Church No Salvation": The Consolidation Of The Exclusive Attitude
- 7. The Meaning Of <em>extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus</em> For The Contemporary Church
- 8. Positive Attitudes Toward Other Religions After The Early Fathers
- 9. The Radical Challenge Of The Enlightenment And Classical Liberalism
- 10. The Fulfillment Theory Of Religions
- <strong>part 3: The Current Scene: Ecclesiastical Approaches</strong>
- 11. The Response Of The Roman Catholic Church
- 12. The Response Of The Anglican And Episcopalian Churches
- 13. The Response Of Mainline Protestant Churches
- 14. The Response Of The Free Churches
- 15. The Response Of The Evangelical Movement
- 16. The Response Of The Ecumenical Movement
- <strong>part 4: The Current Scene: Theologians' Interpretations</strong>
- 17. Orientation To The Study Of Theologians Of Religions
- Ecclesiocentrism: Early Approaches
- 18. Karl Barth: Religion As Unbelief
- 19. Hendrik Kraemer: Jesus Christ As The Way, The Truth, And The Life
- 20. Paul Althaus: "original Revelation" In Religions
- Christocentrism 1: Roman Catholics
- 21. Karl Rahner: "anonymous Christians"
- 22. Hans Kng: Religions As The "ordinary Way Of Salvation"
- 23. Jacques Dupuis: "toward A Christian Theology Of Religious Pluralism"
- 24. Gavin D'costa: Trinitarian Theology Of Religions
- Christocentrism 2: Mainline Protestants
- 25. Paul Tillich: The Dynamic-typological Approach To Religions
- 26. Wolfhart Pannenberg: Religions Competing For The Universal Truth
- 27. Lesslie Newbigin: The Gospel As Public Truth
- 28. M. M. Thomas: "risking Christ For Christ's Sake"
- Christocentrism 3: Evangelicals
- 29. Sir Norman Anderson: Unique Savior But Nonexclusive Salvation
- 30. Clark Pinnock: A Wideness In God's Mercy
- 31. Amos Yong: A Pneumatological Theology Of Religions
- 32. John Hick: The Copernican Revolution Of Religions
- 33. Stanley J. Samartha: One Christ, Many Religions
- 34. Raimundo Panikkar: The Unknown Christ Of Hinduism
- 35. Paul F. Knitter: Jesus And The Other Names
- Ecclesiocentrism: Contemporary Approaches
- The Proliferation Of Ecclesiocentric Approaches Among Evangelicals
- 36. Millard J. Erickson: No Other Name
- 37. Harold Netland: The Enigma Of Pluralism
- 38. Vinoth Ramachandra: The Recovery Of Mission
- 39. The Current Scene: Critical Reflections And Questions
- Epilogue: The Way Forward