Apocalypticism, Anti-Semitism, and the Historical Jesus (Journal For The Study Of The New Testament Supplement Series)
Virtually all scholars agree that apocalyptic and millenarianism formed at least part of the matrix of the culture in first-century Jewish Palestine, but there is a sharp disagreement concerning the extent to which Jesus shared apocalyptic and millenarian beliefs. Although...
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Virtually all scholars agree that apocalyptic and millenarianism formed at least part of the matrix of the culture in first-century Jewish Palestine, but there is a sharp disagreement concerning the extent to which Jesus shared apocalyptic and millenarian beliefs. Although there has been a great deal written defending or opposing an 'apocalyptic Jesus', almost nothing has been said on the questions of what, from the standpoint of modern historiography of Jesus, is at stake in the issue of whether or not he was an apocalypticist or a millenarian prophet, and what is at stake in arguing that his alleged apocalypticism is a central and defining characteristic, rather than an incidental feature.;Much has been said on the kind of Jew Jesus was, but almost nothing is said on why the category of Judalsm has become so central to historical Jesus debates. These questions have less to do with the quantity and character of the available ancient evidence than they do with the ways in which the modern critic assembles evidence into a coherent picture, and the ideological and theological subtexts of historical Jesus scholarship. Scholars of Christian origins have been rather slow to inquire into the ideological location of their own work as scholars, but it is this question that is crucial in achieving a critical self-awareness of the larger entailments of historical scholarship on Jesus and the early Jesus movement. This volume begins the inquiry into the ideological location of modern historical Jesus scholarship.
Was Jesus an apocalypticist, or a millenarian prophet? Why do researchers disagree? Does it matter? Much has been written defending or opposing an `apocalyptic Jesus', but almost nothing debates what, is at stake over whether he was an apocalypticist or millenarian prophet-until now. The inquiry into the ideological location of Jesus scholarship begins here.
John S. Kloppenborg (Ph.D., University of St. Michaels College) is a world authority on Q and Professor of Religion at the Department for the Study of Religion, University of Toronto. He is author of Excavating Q: The History and Setting of the Sayings Gospel, Tenants in the Vineyard: Ideology, Economics, & Agrarian Conflict in Jewish Palestine, and co-editor of The Critical Edition of Q, and most recently he has published Q, The Earliest Gospel .
John S. Kloppenborg is a specialist in Christian origins and Second Temple Judaism, and the social world of the early Jesus movement in Jewish Palestine and in the cities of the eastern Empire. He has written extensively on the Synoptic Sayings Gospel (Q) and the Synoptic Problem. He currently resides in Toronto, Canada.
- William E. Arnal, University Of Regina; "how Shall We Save Our Souls?: The Cipher 'judaism' In Contemporary Historical Jesus Scholarship"; This Essay Surveys Scholarship On Jesus Since The Late 19th Century, Showing How Jesus' Jewishness (and Occasionally, His Alleged Non-jewishness) Has Functioned In A Wider Field Of Discourse To Define What Is Properly "christian" And What Is Properly "religious." Paula Fredriksen, Boston University; "compassion Is To Purity As Fish Is To Bicycle: Thoughts On Constructions Of 'judaism' In Current Work On The Historical Jesus"; John W. Marshall, University Of Toronto; "apocalypticism And Anti-semitism: Inner-group Resources For Inter-group Conflicts" Sets Early Christian Discourse With Anti-semitic Potential Within The Context Of Inner Group Conflict. Part Ii: Apocalypticism As A Primary Category In Historical Jesus Research; Amy-jill Levine, Vanderbilt University; "the Earth Moved: Jesus, Sex, And Eschatology" The Sexual Asceticism Of Jesus And The Early Jesus Movement As A Function Its Apocalyptic Orientation. Dale C. Allison, Pittsburgh Theological Seminary; "liking And Disliking The Apocalyptic Jesus"; An Analysis Of Major Exponents And Opponents Of Apocalyptic Reconstructions Of Jesus In The 20th Century And The Relation Of Their Reconstructions To Theological Convictions. Robert J. Miller, The Jesus Seminar; "theological Stakes In The Apocalyptic Jesus Debate"; An Examination Of Theological Subtexts In Apocalyptic Portraits Of Jesus. Responses; By William Arnal, Paula Fredriksen, John Marshall, Amy-jill Levine, Dale C. Allison, Robert J. Miller. Epilogue; John S. Kloppenborg And John W. Marshall; Consolidated Bibliography