Classifying the Aramaic Texts From Qumran: A Statistical Analysis of Linguistic Features (Library Of Second Temple Studies Series)
:Analysis of the scroll fragments of the Qumran Aramaic scrolls has been plentiful to date. Their shared characteristics of being written in Aramaic, the common language of the region, not focused on the Qumran Community, and dating from the 3rd...
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:Analysis of the scroll fragments of the Qumran Aramaic scrolls has been plentiful to date. Their shared characteristics of being written in Aramaic, the common language of the region, not focused on the Qumran Community, and dating from the 3rd century BCE to the 1st century CE have enabled the creation of a shared identity, distinguishing them from other fragments found in the same place at the same time. This classification, however, could yet be too simplistic as here, for the first time, John Starr applies sophisticated statistical analyses to newly available electronic versions of these fragments. In so doing, Starr presents a potential new classification which comprises six different text types which bear distinctive textual features, and thus is able to narrow down the classification both temporally and geographically.Starr's re-visited classification presents fresh insights into the Aramaic texts at Qumran, with important implications for our understanding of the many strands that made up Judaism in the period leading to the writing of the New Testament.
John Starr holds a PhD in Hebrew and Old Testament Studies from the University of Edinburgh. He is Professor of Health and Aging at the University of Edinburgh, UK.
- :table Of Contentslist Of Chartslist Of Abbreviations1. Classifications Of Qumran Texts2. Statistical Approaches Relevant To Qumran Aramaic Texts3. Textual Classification Criteria4. Aramaic Textual Criteria5. Materials Examined6. Statistical Methods7. Description Of Aramaic Scrolls8. External Textual Correlates9. Description Of Syntactic Features Of Aramaic Scrolls10. Confirmatory Models Of Qumran Text Types11. Extending The Classification Of Qumran Texts12. Discussionbibliographyappendixindex