Cults and New Religious Movements
What is a cult? Why do they emerge? Who joins them? And why do tragedies such as Waco and Jonestown occur? This reader brings together the voices of historians, sociologists, and psychologists of religion to address these key questions about...
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What is a cult? Why do they emerge? Who joins them? And why do tragedies such as Waco and Jonestown occur? This reader brings together the voices of historians, sociologists, and psychologists of religion to address these key questions about new religious movements. ^Looks at theoretical explanations for cults, why people join and what happens when they do. ^Brings together the best work on cults by sociologists, historians, and psychologists of religion. ^A broad-ranging, balanced and clearly organized collection of readings. ^Includes coverage of topical issues, such as the 'brainwashing' controversy, and cults in cyberspace. ^Section introductions by the editor situate the nature, value, and relevance of the selected readings in context of current discussions.
Introduction: The Book and The Subject.1. The Study of New Religious Movements:Eileen Barker, The Scientific Study of Religion? You Must Be Joking! (Journal for The Scientific Study of Religion 34, 1995: 287-310.James A. Beckford, ''The Continuum Between ''Cults'' and ''Normal'' Religion (Pauline Cote, Ed., Chercheurs De Dieux Dans L''Espace Public. University of Ottawa Press, 2001: 11-20).2. The Nature of New Religious Movements:John A. Saliba, The New Religious Movements In Contemporary Western Culture: An Overview (John A Saliba, Understanding New Religious Movements. Grand Rapids, Mich.: William B. Eerdmans Pub., 1995: 1-36).Roy Wallis, Three Types of New Religious Movements (Roy Wallis, The Elementary Forms of New Religious Life. Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1984: 9-39).Rodney Stark and William Sims Bainbridge, Cult Formation: Three Compatible Models (Sociological Analysis 40, 1979: 283-295).3. New Religious Movements in Historical and Social Context:Philip Jenkins, False Prophets and Deluded Subjects: The Nineteenth Century (Philip Jenkins, Mystics and Messiahs: Cults and New Religions In American History. Oxford University Press, 2000: 25-45).Robert Wuthnow, The New Spiritual Freedom (Robert Wuthnow, After Heaven: Spirituality In America Since The 1950s. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1998: 52-84).David G. Bromley and Bruce C. Busching, Understanding The Structure of Contractual and Covenantal Social Relations: Implications for The Sociology of Religion (Sociological Analysis 49, 1988, Supplemental Issue: 15-32).4. Joining New Religious Movements:John Lofland and Rodney Stark, on Becoming A World-Saver: A Theory of Conversion to A Deviant Perspective (American Sociological Review 30, 1965: 862-875).Saul Levine, The Joiners (Saul Levine, Radical Departures: Desparate Detours to Growing Up. New York: Harcourt Brace and Company, 1984).Lorne L. Dawson, "Who Joins New Religious Movements and Why: Twenty Years of Research and What Have We Learned? (Studies In Religion/Sciences Religieuses 25, 1996: 141-161).5. The ''Brainwashing'' Controversy:Margaret Thaler Singer, The Process of Brainwashing, Psychological Coercion, and Thought Reform (Margaret Thaler Singer, Cults In Our Midst. Jossey-Bass, 1995: 52-82).James T. Richardson, A Critique of ''Brainwashing'' Claims About New Religious Movements (Australian Religious Studies Review 7, 1994: 48-56).Thomas Robbins, Constructing Cultist ''Mind Control'' (Sociological Analysis 45, 1984: 241-256).6. Violence and New Religious Movements:John R. Hall, The Apocalypse At Jonestown (John R. Hall, with Philip D. Schuyler and Sylvaine Trinh, Apocalypse Observed: Religious Movements and Violence In North America, Europe, and Japan. Routledge, 2000: 15-43).Jean-Francois Mayer, ''Our Terrestrial Journey Is Coming to An End'': The Last Voyage of The Solar Temple (Nova Religio 2, 1999: 172-196).Thomas Robbins and Dick Anthony, Sects and Violence: Factors Enhancing The Volatility of Marginal Religious Movements. (Stuart Wright, Ed., Armageddon In Waco. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995: 236-259).7. Sex and Gender Issues and New Religious Movements:Elizabeth Puttick, Women In New Religious Movements (Bryan Wilson and Jamie Cresswell, Eds., New Religious Movements: Challenge and Response. Routledge, 1999:143-162).Susan J. Palmer, Women''s ''Cocoon Work'' In New Religious Movements: Sexual Experimentation and Feminine Rites of Passage (Journal for The Scientific Study of Religion 32, 1993: 343-355).Lorne L. Dawson, Religious Cults and Sex (Clifford D. Bryant, Ed., The Encyclopaedia of Criminology and Deviant Behavior. New York: Taylor and Francis, 2000: 323-326).8. Changes in New Religious Movements and The Future:Eileen Barker, Plus Ca Change ... (Social Compass 42, 1995: 165-180).Rodney Stark, Why Religious Movements Succeed Or Fail: A Revised General Model (Journal of Contemporary Religion 11, 1996: 133-146).Lorne L. Dawson and Jenna Hennebry, New Religions and The Internet: Recruiting I
- Acknowledgements. Introduction: The Book And The Subject. 1. The Study Of New Religious Movements:. Eileen Barker, The Scientific Study Of Religion? You Must Be Joking!. James A. Beckford, The Continuum Between "cults" And "normal" Religion. 2. The Nature Of New Religious Movements:. Roy Wallis, Three Types Of New Religious Movement. William Sins Bainbridge And Rodney Stark, Cult Formation: Three Compatible Models. 3. New Religious Movements In Historical And Social Context:. Philip Jenkins, False Prophets And Deluded Subjects: The Nineteenth Century. Robert Wuthnow, The New Spiritual Freedom. 4. Joining New Religious Movements:. Lorne L. Dawson, "who Joins New Religious Movements And Why: Twenty Years Of Research And What Have We Learned?. Saul Levine, The Joiners. 5. The 'brainwashing' Controversy:. Margaret Thales Singer, The Process Of Brainwashing, Psychological Coercion, And Thought Reform. James T. Richardson, A Critique Of 'brainwashing' Claims About New Religious Movements. Thomas Robbins, Constructing Cultist 'mind Control'. 6. Violence And New Religious Movements:. John R. Hall, The Apocalypse At Jonestown. Jean--francois Mayer, "our Terrestrial Journey Is Coming To An End": The Last Voyage Of The Solar Temple. 7. Sex And Gender Issues And New Religious Movements:. Elizabeth Puttick, Women In New Religious Movements. Susan J. Palmer, Women's 'cocoon Work' In New Religious Movements: Sexual Experimentation And Feminine Rites Of Passage. 8. New Religious Movements And The Future: Rodney Stark, Why Religious Movements Succeed Or Fail: A Revised General Model. Lorne L. Dawson And Jenna Hennebry, New Religions And The Internet: Recruiting In A New Public.