Echoes of a Prophet (Journal For The Study Of The New Testament Supplement Series)
This monograph examines intertextual connections to Ezekiel found in John and in Second Temple literature. Chapter One describes the method used in the monograph, described as comparative intertextuality. Intertextual connections between Ezekiel and later Second Temple works are compared with...
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This monograph examines intertextual connections to Ezekiel found in John and in Second Temple literature. Chapter One describes the method used in the monograph, described as comparative intertextuality. Intertextual connections between Ezekiel and later Second Temple works are compared with intertextual connections between Ezekiel and the Gospel of John. Two chapters are devoted to understanding how various works in the Second Temple period make use of Ezekiel. The DSS contain many allusions to a number of Ezekiel's oracles, while other Second Temple works refer to only a few of Ezekiel's oracles, and those only rarely.;In each case, Manning examines the evidence for the presence of the allusions, studies the implied interpretational methods, and comments on the function of the allusion in advancing the author's ideas. Two chapters analyze John's allusions to Ezekiel* the good shepherd, the vine, the opened heavens, imagery from the dry bones vision, and water symbolism. The monograph concludes with observations on how John's use of Ezekiel fits within the use of Ezekiel in Second Temple literature. John shares certain tendencies with other literature, such as the combination of allusions from related OT passages, the resumption of allusions later in the same work, and careful attention to the original context of the allusion. John has a few unique tendencies* he alludes to all five of Ezekiel's oracles of hope and primarily uses that imagery to describe the giving of the Holy Spirit and new life through Jesus.
Gary T. Manning Jr. is an Assistant Professor of New Testament and Director of the Graduate Program at International College and Graduate School in Honolulu, Hawaii.
- Chapter 1: Introduction And Method; An Extensive Discussion Of The Method Of "comparative Intertextuality," Placing It Within The Scope Of Intertextual Studies In The Late Twentieth Century. Chapter 2: The Use Of Ezekiel In The Dead Sea Scrolls; Shows The Important Role That Quotations Of And Allusions To Ezekiel Played In Explaining The History, Identity, And Eschatology Of The Community. Twenty-seven Such References, To At Least Twenty Chapters In Ezekiel, Are Examined In Some Detail. Chapter 3: The Use Of Ezekiel In Other Second Temple Literature; Examines Quotations Of And Allusions To Ezekiel In Sirach, Testament Of Levi, 1 Enoch, Psalms Of Solomon, 4 Maccabees, And Lives Of The Prophets. These Works Only Allude To Three Of Ezekiel's Oracles. Chapter 4: Allusions To Ezekiel In John: Major Allusions; Examines The Role Of Allusions To Ezekiel In John 10 (shepherds And Sheep) And In John 15 (vine And Branches). Chapter 5: Allusions To Ezekiel In John: Minor Allusions; Examines John's Use Of Imagery From Ezekiel's "opened Heavens," The "dry Bones" Oracle" And The Adoption Of Some Aspects Of Ezekiel's Water Symbolism. Chapter 6: Summary And Conclusion