Ethics: History, Theory & Contemporary Issues
PrefaceIntroductionI. HISTORICAL SOURCESIntroduction, Alasdair MacIntyre1. PlatoEuthyphro: Defence of Socrates: Crito: Phaedo (115d-118): The Republic (selections): 2. AristotleNicomachean Ethics (selections): 3. EpicurusLetter to Menoeceus: Leading Doctrines: 4. EpictetusEnchiridion: 5. AugustineEnchiridion on Faith, Hope, and Love (selections): 6. Thomas AquinasSumma Contra Gentiles...
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PrefaceIntroductionI. HISTORICAL SOURCESIntroduction, Alasdair MacIntyre1. PlatoEuthyphro: Defence of Socrates: Crito: Phaedo (115d-118): The Republic (selections): 2. AristotleNicomachean Ethics (selections): 3. EpicurusLetter to Menoeceus: Leading Doctrines: 4. EpictetusEnchiridion: 5. AugustineEnchiridion on Faith, Hope, and Love (selections): 6. Thomas AquinasSumma Contra Gentiles (selections): 7. Thomas HobbesLeviathan (selections): 8. Joseph ButlerFifteen Sermons (selections): 9. David HumeAn Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals (selections): 10. Immanuel KantFundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals: 11. Jeremy BenthamAn Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation (selections): 12. John Stuart MillUtilitarianism: 13. Soren KierkegaardFear and Trembling (Problems I and II): 14. Arthur SchopenhauerOn the Sufferings of the World: 15. Friedrich NietzscheBeyond Good and Evil (selections): On the Genealogy of Morals (selections): Twilight of the Idols (selections): 16. William JamesThe Moral Philosopher and the Moral Life: 17. John DeweyThe Quest for Certainty (selections): 18. Albert CamusThe Myth of Sisyphus (selections): 19. Jean-Paul SartreExistentialism Is a Humanism: II. MODERN ETHICAL THEORYIntroduction, James Rachels20. G.E. MoorePrincipia Ethica (selections): 21. H.A. PrichardDoes Moral Philosophy Rest on a Mistake?: 22. W.D. RossThe Right and the Good (selections): 23. A.J. AyerLanguage, Truth, and Logic (selections): 24. C.L. StevensonThe Emotive Meaning of Ethical Terms: 25. R.M. HareFreedom and Reason (selections): 26. Kurt BaierThe Point of View of Morality: 27. G.E.M. AnscombeModern Moral Philosophy: 28. John RawlsA Theory of Justice (selections): 29. David GauthierWhy Contractarianism?: 30. Joel FeinbergPsychological Egoism: 31. Philippa FootMorality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives: 32. Richard B. BrandtSome Merits of One Form of Rule Utilitarianism: 33. Bernard WilliamsA Critique of Utilitarianism: 34. Joel FeinbergThe Nature and Value of Rights: 35. Gilbert HarmanThe Nature of Morality (selections): 36. James RachelsThe Challenge of Cultural Relativism: 37. Michael StockerThe Schizophrenia of Modern Ethical Theories: 38. Alasdair MacIntyreAfter Virtue: 39. Virginia HeldReason, Gender and Moral Theory: 40. James RachelsThe Ethics of Virtue: 41. J.O. UrmsonSaints and Heroes: 42. Susan WolfMoral Saints: 43. Thomas NagelMoral Luck: III. CONTEMPORARY MORAL PROBLEMSIntroduction, Peter Singer44. Judith Jarvis ThomsonA Defense of Abortion: 45. Michael TooleyAbortion and Infanticide: 46. Jane EnglishAbortion and the Concept of a Person: 47. Joel FeinbergAbortion: 48. James RachelsActive and Passive Euthanasia: 49. Thomas D. SullivanActive and Passive Euthanasia: An Impertinent Distinction?: 50. Philippa FootEuthanasia: 51. Peter SingerFamine, Affluence, and Morality: 52. John ArthurFamine Relief and the Ideal Moral Code: 53. Tom ReganThe Case for Animal Rights: 54. Carl CohenThe Case for the Use of Animals in Biomedical Research: 55. Ernest van den HaagIn Defense of the Death Penalty: 56. Hugo Adam BedauCapital Punishment: 57. Judith Jarvis ThomsonPreferential Hiring: 58. Robert SimonPreferential Hiring: A Response to Judith Jarvis Thomson: 59. Steven M. CahnTwo Concepts of Affirmative Action:
The most comprehensive collection of its kind, Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues, 2/e is organized into three sections, providing instructors with flexibility in designing and teaching a variety of courses in moral philosophy. The first section, Historical Sources, moves from classical thought (Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, and Epictetus) through medieval views (Augustine and Aquinas) to modern theories (Hobbes, Butler, Hume, Kant, Bentham, and Mill), culminating with leading nineteenth- and twentieth-century thinkers (Kierkegaard, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, James, Dewey, Camus, and Sartre). The readings are printed in their entirety wherever possible. The second section, Modern Ethical Theory, includes many of the most important essays of the past century. The discussion of utilitarianism, Kantianism, egoism, and relativism continues in the work of major contemporary philosophers (Williams, Brandt, Feinberg, Foot, and Rachels). Landmark selections (Moore, Prichard, Ross, A
Steven M. Cahn is one of America's most distinguished teachers of philosophy. He has authored or edited more than forty books as well as numerous articles, most in the fields of metaphysics, philosophy of religion, ethics, political philosophy, and philosophy of education. Among his works are FATE, LOGIC, AND TIME; SAINTS AND SCAMPS: ETHICS IN ACADEMIA, 25th Anniversary Edition; FROM STUDENT TO SCHOLAR; A CANDID GUIDE TO BECOMING A PROFESSOR; PUZZLES & PERPLEXITIES: COLLECTED ESSAYS, Second Edition; EXPLORING ETHICS, Second Edition (ED.); POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY; THE ESSENTIAL TEXTS, Second Editi