Good God: The Theistic Foundations of Morality
Moral arguments for God's existence have undergone something of a resurgence in recent years. For quite a while they were out of vogue for a variety of reasons, but recent advances in the philosophy of language and philosophical and natural...
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Moral arguments for God's existence have undergone something of a resurgence in recent years. For quite a while they were out of vogue for a variety of reasons, but recent advances in the philosophy of language and philosophical and natural theology have reinvigorated moral apologetics. This is the first book to consolidate these gains into one coherent treatment, which will rigorously demonstrate to a wide readership how effectively various objections to moral apologetics have been answered. The authors show how strides in answering the problem of evil, the Euthyphro Dilemma, and epistemic vacuity and arbitrariness challenges to theistic ethics make possible a compelling cumulative moral argument that can greatly contribute to the rational case for God's existence--and God's goodness. The authors hope to reach a readership of not just philosophers, apologists, and theologians, but bright college students up through graduate school and beyond. Christians and non-Christians alike, those interested in apologetics, moral theology, atheology, and morality and religious ethics should find the book a significant contribution to their field.
This book aims to reinvigorate discussions of moral arguments for God's existence. To open this debate, Baggett and Walls argue that God's love and moral goodness are perfect, without defect, necessary, and recognizable. After integrating insights from the literature of both moral apologetics and theistic ethics, they defend theistic ethics against a variety of objections and, in so doing, bolster the case for the moral argument for God's existence. It is the intention of the authors to see this aspect of natural theology resume its rightful place of prominence, by showing how a worldview predicated on the God of both classical theism and historical Christian orthodoxy has more than adequate resources to answer the Euthyphro Dilemma, speak to the problem of evil, illumine natural law, and highlight the moral significance of the incarnation and resurrection of Christ. Ultimately, the authors argue, there is principled reason to believe that morality itself provides excellent reasons to look for a transcendent source of its authority and reality, and a source that is more than an abstract principle.
David J. Baggett (Ph.D., Wayne State University) is associate professor of philosophy at Liberty University in Lynchburg, Virginia. He is the coeditor (with Shawn Kline) of the book Harry Potter and Philosophy: If Aristotle Ran Hogwarts, Hitchcock and Philosophy (Popular Culture and Philosophy) and C. S. Lewis as Philosopher: Truth, Goodness and Beauty(editor).
Dr Jerry L. Walls (Ph.D., Department of Philosophy, University of Notre Dame) has taught at Asbury Seminary since 1987. His books include: The Problem of Pluralism: Recovering United Methodist Identity (Bristol Books); Hell: The Logic of Damnation (University of Notre Dame Press); C.S. Lewis and Francis Schaeffer: Lessons for a New Century from the Most Influential Apologists of Our Time (with Scott Burson, InterVarsity Press); Heaven: The Logic of Eternal Joy (Oxford); Why I Am not a Calvinist (with Asbury professor, Joe Dongell, Intervarsity Press); The Chronicles of Narnia and Philosophy (coedited with Gregory Bassham, Open Court Press). Forthcoming books include The Oxford Handbook of Eschatology (editor, Oxford University Press) and Basketball and Philosophy (co-edited with Gregory Bassham, The University of Kentucky Press). Dr. Walls is an elder in The United Methodist Church, West Ohio Conference, and is a member of the Society of Christian Philosophers.
- Foreword By Thomas V. Morris; Introduction; 1. Moral Apologia; 2. The Euthyphro Dilemma; 3. Naming The Whirlwind; 4. A Reformed Tradition Not Quite Right; 5. God And Goodness; 6. Divine Command Theory; 7. Abhorrent Commands; 8. The Problem Of Evil; 9. Knowing God's Will; 10. Conclusion Eternity; Appendix A: Answering The Extended Arbitrariness Objection To Divine Command Theory; Appendix B: Outrageous Evil And The Hope Of Healing; Index