..."a wonderfully user-friendly book for serious readers who desire to journey into the world of the Bible in order to better understand it and to live faithfully in today's world."--From the foreword by Kevin J. Vanhoozer"Excellent, practical, and accurate. It...
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..."a wonderfully user-friendly book for serious readers who desire to journey into the world of the Bible in order to better understand it and to live faithfully in today's world."--From the foreword by Kevin J. Vanhoozer"Excellent, practical, and accurate. It leads students from the most fundamental building blocks of interpretation (including skills that most beginning students lack) through all the essential processes."--Craig S. Keener, Professor of New Testament, Eastern SeminaryJust as a rock climber's handhold enables him to master the mountain, a firm grasp on God's Word empowers us to traverse the challenging, risky slopes of life. Grasping God's Word helps college students, beginning seminary students, and other serious readers get a grip on the solid rock of Scripture--how to read it, how to interpret it, and how to apply it.Filling the gap between approaches that are too simple and others that are too technical, this book starts by equipping readers with general principle
22 Chapters Divided Into Five Parts: How To Read The Book Basic Tools Contexts Now And Then Meaning And Application The Interpretive Journey New Testament The Interpretive Journey Old Testament
Scott Duvall (Ph.D., Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary) is dean of the Pruet School of Christian Studies and professor of New Testament at Ouachita Baptist University. He is the co-author with George H. Guthrie of Biblical Greek Exegesis: A Graded Approach to Learning Intermediate and Advanced Greek and with Terry G.Carter and J. Daniel Hays of the textbook Preaching God's Word: A Hands on Approach to Preparing, Developing and Delivering the Sermon and also Grasping God's Word; Dictionary of Biblical Prophecy and End Times and Journey into God's Word.. His most recent pubication is Experiencing God's Story of Life and Hope.
Koorong -Editorial Review.
J. Daniel Hays ( PhD, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary) is the Elma Cobb Professor of Biblical Studies and chair of the Department of Biblical Studies at Ouachita Baptist University, where his educational specialty is Old Testament and biblical interpretation. He has published articles in Bible Review and Bibliotheca Sacra, as well as in the Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible, and with Terry G.Carter and J. Daniel Hays the textbook Preaching God's Word: A Hands on Approach to Preparing, Developing and Delivering the Sermon and also Grasping God's Word; Dictionary of Biblical Prophecy and End Times and Journey into God's Word.
- Foreword ...9
- Preface To The Second Edition...12
- Preface To The First Edition...13
- Part 1: How To Read The Book---basic Tools
- 1. The Interpretive Journey...19
- 2. How To Read The Book---sentences...28
- 3. How To Read The Book---paragraphs...45
- 4. How To Read The Book---discourses...65
- Part 2: Contexts---now And Then
- 5. What Do We Bring To The Text?...87
- 6. The Historical-cultural Context...98
- 7. The Literary Context...119
- 8. Word Studies...132
- 9. Bible Translations...157
- Part 3: Meaning And Application
- 10. Who Controls The Meaning?...175
- 11. Levels Of Meaning...184
- 12. The Role Of The Holy Spirit...205
- 13. Application...213
- Part 4: The Interpretive Journey---new Testament
- 14. New Testament---letters...227
- 15. New Testament---gospels...244
- 16. New Testament---acts...265
- 17. New Testament---revelation...282
- Part 5: The Interpretive Journey---old Testament
- 18. Old Testament---narrative...305
- 19. Old Testament---law...328
- 20. Old Testament---poetry...346
- 21. Old Testament---prophets...368
- 22. Old Testament---wisdom...388
- Appendix 1: Inspiration And Canon...409
- Appendix 2: Writing An Exegetical Paper...421
- Appendix 3: Building A Personal Library...425
- Scripture Index...451
- Subject Index...457
Grasping God's Word--Second Edition Part 2 How to Read the Book---Basic Tools Chapter 1 of Grasping God's Word introduces you to the process of reading, interpreting, and applying the Bible, a process that we refer to as the 'Interpretive Journey.' This journey starts with a call to careful reading, because this is where we determine what the biblical text meant in its original context (their town). Before we are ready to apply that meaning to our lives (our town), however,we need to measure the width of the river that separates us from the world of the text. Once we have crossed the river,we will be able to apply the meaning of the Bible in relevant and reliable ways. In chapter 2 we will start learning how to read with more insight and understanding. Superficial reading needs to be replaced by serious reading.We will show you how to observe smaller sections of text, looking for things like repeated words, contrasts, comparisons, lists, figures of speech, influential verbs, nouns, and conjunctions.Here we will learn how to read carefully at the sentence level. In chapters 3--4 we will move beyond the sentence level to the longer and more complex units of text--- paragraphs and discourses.We will learn to detect things like dialogue, questions and answers, tone, connections between episodes, and story shifts. This is important to know if you really want to hear what God is saying through his Word. In these first four chapters of Grasping God's Word you will get your hands dirty as you dig deeply into the process of biblical interpretation. The theory can wait for a few chapters as we learn how to read carefully and thoughtfully. This becomes the foundation for understanding what the Bible means and how it applies to us. The Interpretive Journey Introduction Basics of the Journey An Example---Joshua 1:1--9 The Journey and Grasping God's Word Assignments Introduction A wrinkled old man in the mountains of Ethiopia sips coffee and peers through weathered, ancient bifocals at his worn Amharic Bible to read once again the story of David and Goliath. A middle-aged woman is bouncing along on a bus in Buenos Aires, reading and reflecting on Psalm 1. A young Korean executive, on his way home to Seoul from a business trip in Singapore, flies above the clouds at 35,000 feet, reading and pondering the words of the apostle Paul in Romans 5. And in a dorm room in San Diego, California, a young college student polishes off another Mountain Dew and then looks back down at her laptop computer to finish reading Mark's account of how Jesus miraculously calmed a raging storm on the Sea of Galilee. People all over the world love reading the Bible---and they have loved it for thousands of years.Why? People read the Bible because it is a fascinating book, filled with gripping stories and challenging exhortations. People read it because it is an important book, dealing with the big issues of life---God, eternal life, death, love, sin, and morals. People read it because they believe that in the Bible God speaks to them through written words. The Bible encourages us, lifts our spirits, comforts us, guides us, chides us, builds us up, gives us hope, and brings us close to the living God. Some parts of the Bible are easy to understand, but much of it is not.Most Christians, however, desire to understand all of God's Word, not just the easy portions.Many of us want to be able to dig deeper into that Word.We want to see more and to understand more of the biblical text.We also want to know that we understand the Bible correctly. That is,we want to be confident that we can pull the actual truth out of a text and not just develop an arbitrary, fanciful, or incorrect interpretation. Our book is designed for such people. The process of interpreting and grasping the Bible is similar to embarking on a journey. Reading the text thoroughly and carefully lies at the beginning of the journey. From this careful reading we become able to determine what the passage meant in the biblical context---that is, what it meant to the biblical audience. Often, however, when we try to apply this meaning directly to ourselves, we run into problems.We are separated from the biblical audience by culture and customs, language, situation, and a vast expanse of time. These differences form a barrier---a river that separates us from the text and that often prohibits us from grasping the meaning of the text for ourselves. If that were not enough, the Old Testament widens the river by adding another major interpretive barrier that separates us from the audience. Between the Old Testament biblical audience and Christian readers today lies a change in covenant. We as New Testament believers are under the new covenant, and we approach God through the sacrifice of Christ. The Old Testament people, however, were under the old covenant, and for them the law was central. In other words, the theological situation for the two groups is different. There is a covenant barrier between the Old Testament audience and us because we are under different covenants. Thus, the river between the Old Testament text and us consists not only of culture, language, situation, and time, but also of covenant.We have much more in common with the New Testament audience; yet even in the New Testament, the different culture, language, and specific situations can present a formidable barrier to our desire to grasp the meaning of the text. The river is often too deep and too wide simply to wade across. As a result, today's Christian is often uncertain about how to interpret much of the Bible.How should we understand Leviticus 19:19, which prohibits wearing a garment made of two types of material? Does this mean that obedient Christians should wear only 100 percent cotton clothes? In Judges 6:37 Gideon puts out a fleece in order to confirm what God had told him. Does this mean that we should put out fleeces when we seek God's leading? Passages in the New Testament are not always much clearer. For example, Peter walks on the water in Matthew 14:29. Does this mean that we should attempt to walk on water in our obedience to Christ? If not, what does it mean and how can we apply it to our lives today? Even if we cannot walk on water, how do we cross the river that separates us from the text? Any attempt to interpret and to apply the Bible involves trying to cross the river.While often unconscious of their interpretive method, many Christians today nonetheless frequently employ an intuitive or feels-right approach to interpretation. If the text looks as if it could be applied directly, then they attempt to apply it directly. If not, then they take a spiritualizing approach to the meaning---an approach that borders on allegorizing the biblical text (which shows little or no sensitivity to the biblical context). Or else they simply shrug their shoulders and move onto another passage, ignoring the meaning of the text altogether. Such approaches will never land us safely on the other side of the river. Those using the intuitive approach blindly wade out into the river, hoping that the water is not more than knee deep. Sometimes they are fortunate and stumble onto a sandbar, but often they step out into deep water, and they end up washed ashore somewhere downstream. Those who spiritualize, by contrast, try to jump the river in one grand leap, but they also end up washed ashore downstream with their intuitive buddies. Shrugging or ignoring a passage is to remain on the far side of the river and simply to gaze across without even attempting to cross. We are separated from the biblical audience by culture and customs, language, situation, and a vast expanse of time.