Hindiyya, Mystic and Criminal, 1720-1798
In this compelling narrative, Bernard Heyberger relates the fascinating history of Hindiyya 'Ujaymi, a highly charismatic eighteenth-century mystic of sinister repute. Heyberger makes a careful study of Hindiyya's life from earliest childhood, with a detailed picture of her formative years...
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In this compelling narrative, Bernard Heyberger relates the fascinating history of Hindiyya 'Ujaymi, a highly charismatic eighteenth-century mystic of sinister repute. Heyberger makes a careful study of Hindiyya's life from earliest childhood, with a detailed picture of her formative years in the eighteenth century Christian community of Aleppo, the domestic reality of which is little known, exploring the influences she would have experienced. He leads us through her spiritual development under the direction of the Jesuits, her determination to found a new religious order, and the tragic history of its collapse in a welter of paranoia and persecution. Heyberger also reveals the tensions and complex rivalries at play around Hindiyya between Rome, the Jesuits, and Eastern tribes, which were also beset by feuds and alliances. He makes extensive use of a wide variety of sources, from Hindiyya's own writings to reports from her confessors and Roman inquisitors, to shed light upon the Hindiyya affair. 'Hindiyya, Mystic and Criminal' relates the history of a woman of inflexible power of will and great charisma, who managed to move beyond the circumscribed world of her girlhood and realise what she believed to be her destiny. It will be of great interest to anyone seeking a deeper understanding of an affair which has been long obscured by contradictory reports, or to those interested in eighteenth-century Maronite Christianity and its complex interactions with the authority of Rome.
Berernard Heyberger is a Professor at the Ecole des Hautes etudes en Sciences Socials and the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Paris. At present he is the Director of the Institut d?__etude de l?__Islam et des Societes du Monde Musulman at the Ecole des Hautes etudes en Sciences Socials. He has lived several times in Syria, Lebanon and Italy and is the author of several publications on the social history of the Eastern Christians in the Ottoman era.
- Introduction Part One An Aleppine Childhood (1720-1746) 1. Christians Of Aleppo 2. Aleppine Women 3. Hindiyya And Her Family 4. The Devout Cultural Model 5. Hindiyya And Her Confessor Part Two Saint And Founder (1746-1753) 6. The Lebanon Of The Maronites 7. Trails Of Consecration 8. The Politics Of Sanctity 9. The Convent And The "world" 10. Hindiyya, Mystical Author Part Three From Saint To Demon (1753-1777) 11. Disturbing Deviance 12. First Alarms 13. The Hell Of The Convent 14. The Tyrannical "mystery Of Union" Part Four The Denouement 15. Hell Opens 16. Tragic Performances 17. The Hour Of The Secular Arm 18. After The Tagedy: Denial 19. Epilogue: Hindiyya In Memory Conclusion Notes Sources Bibliography Index