Jesus the Eternal Son: Answering Adoptionist Christology
Engaging critically with such scholars as James Barr and Bart Ehrman, Michael Bird shows that Adoptionism - the idea that Jesus was 'adopted' as God's son at baptism - was actually a late 2nd century development, and that the earliest...
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Engaging critically with such scholars as James Barr and Bart Ehrman, Michael Bird shows that Adoptionism - the idea that Jesus was 'adopted' as God's son at baptism - was actually a late 2nd century development, and that the earliest Christology was, in fact, incarnational.
Adoptionism-the idea that Jesus is portrayed in the Bible as a human figure who was adopted as God's son at his baptism or resurrection-has been commonly accepted in much recent scholarship as the earliest explanation of Jesus's divine status. In this book Michael Bird draws that view into question with a thorough examination of pre-Pauline materials, the Gospel of Mark, and patristic sources.
Engaging critically with Bart Ehrman, James Dunn, and other scholars, Bird demonstrates that a full-fledged adoptionist Christology did not emerge until the late second century. As he delves into passages often used to support the idea of an early adoptionist Christology, including Romans 1:3-4 and portions of the speeches in Acts, Bird persuasively argues that early Christology was in fact incarnational, not adoptionist. He concludes by surveying and critiquing notable examples of adoptionism in modern theology.
Michael F. Bird (Ph.D., University of Queensland) is Lecturer in Theology at Ridley College, Melbourne. Previously he has lectured at the Bible College of Queensland, and tutored at Highland Theological Institute in Dingwell, Scotland. He is a member of the Studiorum Novi Testamentum Societas, the Institute for Biblical Research, the Society of Biblical Literature, and the Tyndale Fellowship.
He has written The Saving Righteousness of God: Studies on Paul, Justification and the New Perspective (Paternoster Biblical Monographs); A Bird's Eye View of Paul; Jesus and the Origins of the Gentile Mission (Library of New Testament Studies); Are You the One Who Is to Come?: The Historical Jesus and the Messianic Question; Colossians (New Covenant Commentary); Crossing over Sea and Land: Jewish Missionary Activity in the Second Temple Period and Romans (Regula Fidei Zondervan Commentary series)
Koorong -Editorial Review.