Preface and Acknowledgments 1. Genius Sperm, Eugenics, and Enhancement Technologies: Two kinds of eugenics Technological possibilities Moral perplexities Hither posthumanity? 2. A Pragmatic Optimism about Enhancement Technologies: Will we be able to clone geniuses? Human genomics and the search for...
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Preface and Acknowledgments 1. Genius Sperm, Eugenics, and Enhancement Technologies: Two kinds of eugenics Technological possibilities Moral perplexities Hither posthumanity? 2. A Pragmatic Optimism about Enhancement Technologies: Will we be able to clone geniuses? Human genomics and the search for smart genes Doogie's downside Nuclear powered vacuum-cleaners or nuclear bombs A pragmatic optimism about enhancement technologies 3. Making moral images of biotechnology: Utilitarian and Kantian advice about enhancement Moral images and moral consistency Midgley's scepticism about consistency Harvesting Stem cells: RESEARCH or THERAPY? Are enhancement technologies wrong because they are 'yucky'? Why food is different Are enhancement technologies wrong because they will destroy meaning? 4. The moral image of therapy: The biotechnological solution to disease Who benefits from gene therapy? Are we essentially human beings or essentially persons, and does it matter? Genetic influences, environmental influences, and the formation of human identities Interactionism's implications for identity The scope of THERAPY and the notion of disease Buchanan, Brock, Daniels, and Wikler on protecting normal functioning THERAPY, obligation, and procreative liberty's diminishment 5. The moral image of nature: Enhancement, NATURE, and Posthumanity The biology of human nature A moral parity of natural and engineered genetic arrangements Pluralism about human flourishing How to avoid infringing freedom of choice Are we permitted to enhance (or reduce) intelligence? 6. The moral image of nurture: A moral and developmental parity of genes and environment Manufacturing humans Enhancement and bad parenting The limited powers of genetic engineers Are enhancements problematic because they are positionally valuable? Regulating the pursuit of positional value 7. Our Postliberal Future: Two biotechnological tendencies: polarisation and homogenisation Distributing access to enhancement technologies Reducing the burden of universal access Biotechnology's threat to citizenship The importance of reciprocity The threat of homogenization Prejudice and enhancement Kitcher and Buchanan et al. on resisting morally defective environments A parallel between GM humans and GM food The ethics of shifting bigotry's burden 8. Enhanced humans when? The Precautionary Principle and enhancement technologies The real problem with developing enhancement technologies A clash of moral gestalts A biotechnological Catch-22 Once we have traversed the ethically impossible passage Further readings on human enhancement Bibliography Index
In this provocative book, philosopher Nicholas Agar defends the idea that parents should be allowed to enhance their children's characteristics. ^Gets away from fears of a Huxleyan 'Brave New World' or a return to the fascist eugenics of the past. ^Written from a philosophically and scientifically informed point of view. ^Considers real contemporary cases of parents choosing what kind of child to have. ^Uses 'moral images' as a way to get readers with no background in philosophy to think about moral dilemmas. ^Provides an authoritative account of the science involved, making the book suitable for readers with no knowledge of genetics. ^Creates a moral framework for assessing all new technologies.
"The options for human enhancement that genetic science may eventually make possible tend to resist evaluation by traditional approaches to ethics, since the central issue is nothing less than what human nature itself shall be. Liberal Eugenics offers refreshingly sensible guidance to the possibilities of cloning, genetic therapy, and genetic enhancement by reference to our 'moral images' of more familiar but relevantly similar practices. At once conservative in its methodology and daring in its defiance of conventional wisdom, this book is a lively and accessible antidote to the prejudice and obscurantism that pervade public debates about these challenging issues." Jeff McMahan, Professor of Philosophy, RutgersUniversity "With Liberal Eugenics, Nicholas Agar has given us a lively, sophisticated defense of genetic enhancement, challenging the anxious sentimentality of biotech luddites without embracing the naive, reckless optimism of bio-tech enthusiasts. Readers may not always agree with Agar, but they will be engaged by his original and forceful arguments and his apt and delightful examples. The book is a pleasure to read and a provocative piece of applied philosophy - a rare combination." David Wasserman, University of Maryland "A very persuasive case for an informed, liberal though not laissez-faire approach to research." The Guardian "This [is a] clear, scientifically well informed and philosophically sophisticated study." Notre Dame Philosophical Review
Nicholas Agar is Reader in the Philosophy Programme at Victoria University, Wellington, New Zealand. He is the author of "Humanity's End: Why We Should Reject Radical Enhancement" (MIT Press).
- :preface And Acknowledgments.. <p>1. Genius Sperm, Eugenics, And Enhancement Technologies..</p> <p>2. A Pragmatic Optimism About Enhancement Technologies..</p> <p>3. Making Moral Images Of Biotechnology..</p> <p>4. The Moral Image Of Therapy..</p> <p>5. The Moral Image Of Nature..</p> <p>6. The Moral Image Of Nurture.</p> <p>7. Our Postliberal Future?.</p> <p>8. Enhanced Humans When?.</p> <p>notes.</p> <p>further Reading.</p> <p>references.</p> <p>index.</p>