Living in the Tenth Century
"Fichtenau delivers a fascinating view of tenth-century Europe on the eve of the second millenium. He writes this hoping we, on the eve of the third millennium, will take time also to look at who we are and at our...
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"Fichtenau delivers a fascinating view of tenth-century Europe on the eve of the second millenium. He writes this hoping we, on the eve of the third millennium, will take time also to look at who we are and at our world. . . . This engaging book lucidly carries the reader through an amazing amount of material. Medieval scholars will find it resourceful and challenging; the nonscholar will find it fascinating and enlightening."--A. L. Kolp, "Choice" ^""Living in the Tenth Century" resembles an anthropological field study more than a conventional historical monograph, and represents a far more ambitious attempt to see behind the surface of avowals and events than others have seriously attempted even for much more voluminously documented periods. . . . It is remarkably rich and readable."--R.I. Moore, "Times Higher Education Supplement" ^"Fichtenau offers a magnificent survey of all the main spheres of life: the social order, the rural economy, schooling and religious belief and pr
Translator's Foreword Introduction I. Ordo 1. Order as Rank Order Ordo and Ordines Ranking of Cities and Churches Ecclesiastical Disputes over Ranking Apostolicity and Ecclesiastical Precedence The Abbot Primate Seating Arrangements at Religious Assemblies Monastic Rank Orders Ranking in the Secular Sphere 2. Social Gestures, an Aspect of "Custom" Custom and Symbols Custom and Tradition Specific Gestures: Favor and Disgrace Humiliation The Feudal Kiss and the Kiss of Peace Gifts and Praise of the Giver Mourning Penance Gestures with Cap, Staff, Scepter, and Lance Gestures with Ecclesiastical Insignia 3. Representation as Evidence of Status Reception Homage and Obligatory Processions Retinues Banquets Table Manners Secular Marks of Status: Clothes, Jewelry, Weapons, Horses Ecclesiastical Marks of Status Cultic Representation II. Familia 4. Family and Clan Extended Family versus Nuclear Family Cognatio Matrimonial Politics Prohibited Degrees 5. Patriarchal Lordship Familiaand Family The House and Its Governor The Wife in the House Varieties of Marriage Devaluation of Women The Wife's Actual Status Sons Clerical Marriage and Children 6. The Familial Model The MonasticFamilia Families within theFamilia The CourtlyFamilia Contraternities Spiritual Kinship Familial Forms of Hierarchical Thought III. Nobilitas 7. The Noble Nobel andNobilis The Essence of Nobility TheHonor: Office, Land, People Pedigree Spiritual Cares Fidelity, Vassalage, Feudalism 8. The King Kingship and Nobility Sacred Kingship Administering the Kingdom The Emperor Qualities of the Ruler The King at War Advisers The Queen 9. The Bishop Origin and Kindred Familial Politics and Family-based Government Episcopal Appointments The Bishop as Lord Secular Activities within the City Secular Activities in Feudal and Royal Service The Armed Bishop Pastoral Duties Public Dying 10. Worldly Clerics Seculars The Cathedral Chapter Canons and Canonesses Canons Cononesses Monasticism and the Laity Lay Abbots, Feudalism, Advocacy Warfare Abbot and Bishop IV. Religio 11. Hermits and Reformers The Eremitic Tradition Sanctification Monastic Reform Reformers and Conservatives Ritualism 12. Monastic Life Group Formation:NutritiandConversi Priest Monks and Criminals Monasteries Great and Small Monastic Buildings: The Role of Fire and Light The Cloister and the Outside World Contemplation and Prayer Work Monastic Fare 13. Education and School in the Monastery The Purpose of Education Ancient and Modern Patterns Procuring Books The Heritage of Classical Education Pride in Knowledge Wandering Scholars The Liberal Arts V. Vulgus 14. Popular Beliefs Inbelle vulgusandvulgus indoctum Religious Instruction of the Peasantry Disbelief and Superstition God and Divine Judgments The Devil and Demons Gods and Spirits Natural Phenomena White and Black Magic Saints and Relics 15. Peasant Existence Domestic Animals Farm Implements Pasture and Forest Farming: Grain, Wine, and Legumes Large Estates and Small Landholdings Incastellamento Castellanies in France Peasantry and Castles in Germany 16. Stratification and Mobility Free and Unfree Peasantry Tenants and the Partially Free The Poor Servants and Slaves Social Advancement VI. Confusio 17. Disorders and Public Coercion Laments over General Disorder Emotionality and Panic Conflicting Norms Secular Means of Coercion Excommunication, Anathema, Interdict Anticlericalism, Areligiosity The Search fo
Fichtenau was president of the Institute for Austrian Historical Research at the University of Vienna from 1962 until his retirement in 1984.