Normative and Sectarian Judaism in the 2nd Temple Period (Library Of Second Temple Studies Series)
The book brings together the essays on Second Temple Judaism by Moshe Weinfeld, one of the leading figures in comparative literature and the history of religion in ancient Near Eastern studies. This integrated collection centers on the religious debates within...
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The book brings together the essays on Second Temple Judaism by Moshe Weinfeld, one of the leading figures in comparative literature and the history of religion in ancient Near Eastern studies.
This integrated collection centers on the religious debates within Second Temple Judaism between the sectarian Qumran community and the Pharisees. It examines topics such as liturgy, law, theology and ideology; issues that established Jewish religious forms for normative, Rabbinic Judaism. It also sets these debates in the broader context of texts and ideas from the Bible and ancient Near East texts on one hand and the New Testament and Rabbinic Judaism on the other.
The book comprises four sections. The first, 'Prayer and Worship' analyzes constitutive ideas reflected in the definitive prayers of Qumran and Pharisaic liturgy. The second, 'The Qumran Scrolls' engages various legal and hermeneutic issues in the literature of the Qumran sect. Section three, 'Theology and Ideology' treats a group of foundational Jewish concepts from the historical point of view. The final section 'The New Testament' brings several basic concepts and conceptions of Judaism into New Testament context.
This is volume 54 in the Library of Second Temple Studies series (formerly the Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha Supplement series).
Moshe Weinfeld is Professor of Biblical Studies at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem.
- I. Prayer And Worship; 1. The Loyalty Oath In The Ancient Near East; 2. The Heavenly Praise In Unison; 3. Prayer And Liturgical Practice In The Qumran Sect; 4. The Day Of The Lord: Aspirations For The Kingdom Of God In The Bible And The Jewish Liturgy; 5. The Angelic Song Over The Luminaries In The Qumran Texts; 6. Grace After Meals In Qumran; 7. Minchah; 8. The Morning Prayers (birkoth Hashachar) In Qumran And In Conventional Jewish Liturgy; 9. The Biblical Origins Of The Amidah Prayer For Sabbath And Holy Days; Ii. The Qumran Scrolls; 10. The Temple Scroll Or "the Law Of The King"; 11. The Royal Guard According To The Temple Scroll; 12. God Versus Moses In The Temple Scroll: "i Do Not Speak On My Own But On God's Authority" (sifre Deuteronomy, Sec. 5; John 12:48f); 13. Sarah And Abimelech (genesis 20) Against The Background Of An Assyrian Law And The Genesis Apocryphon; Iii. Theology And Ideology; 14. The Covenantal Aspect Of The Promise Of The Land To Israel; 15. The Day Of Atonement And Freedom (deror); The Redemption Of The Soul; 16. The Crystallization Of The "congregation Of The Exile" () And The Sectarian Nature Of Post-exilic Judaism; 17. "you Will Find Favor...in The Eyes Of God And Man" (proverbs 3:4): The History Of An Idea; 18. Universalism And Particularism In The Period Of Exile And Restoration; Iv. New Testament; 19. Pentecost As Festival Of The Giving Of The Law; 20. The Charge Of Hypocrisy In Matthew 23 And In Jewish Sources; 21. Hillel And The Misunderstanding Of Judaism In Modern Scholarship; 22. Expectations Of The Divine Kingdom In Biblical And Postbiblical Literature