On This Rock: When Culture Disrupted the Roman Community
The command of the risen Christ was to make students of all nations: ""On this Rock I will build ..."" But the spread of the Pentecostal gospel disrupted the national values of eternal Rome, with her increasingly international citizenship. Loyalty...
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The command of the risen Christ was to make students of all nations: ""On this Rock I will build ..."" But the spread of the Pentecostal gospel disrupted the national values of eternal Rome, with her increasingly international citizenship. Loyalty to the Caesars, obligatory in the Roman world, could not break the Christians' trust in their Christ. In despair the government gave in to the unimaginable: Galerius tolerated the Christian ""alternative communities"" and their divergent outlook on life. One must now tolerate living in two incommensurate communities at once. This is at the heart of Late Antiquity. The Rock remains, but masked in the antique ceremonial of ""religion."" That late antique compromise has laid the foundation for the interaction of church and state in the modern West. Successor to Paul and the Conflict of Cultures (2019), this seventh collection of Judge's historical essays explores the development of Christianity in Roman society from the New Testament era to the time of Constantine and beyond--always with a view to the modern situation.
Edwin A. Judge is one Australia's most famous academics. After studying at Cambridge, Professor Judge moved to Sydney University and then on to Macquarie where he was appointed the first professor in Ancient History. For twenty-five years, and since his retirement, he has been a leader in Ancient History and the study of Early Christianity. Professor Judge helped to collect the study materials in the Ancient History Documentary Research Centre and to establish the Museum of Ancient Cultures, one of the finest institutions of its kind. He has published widely (over 400 articles, books, and essays) and served as editor of the Journal of Religious History. Professor Judge has served Macquarie University as an administrator in many capacities: as a department head, an elected member of the University Council, Pro Vice-Chancellor and Acting Deputy Vice-Chancellor. In 1995 he received Membership of the Order of Australia, and in 1999 the Australian Academy of the Humanities elected him an Honorary Fellow. Some of his publications include The Social Pattern of Christian Groups in the First Century, and Antike u. Christentum. Towards a Definition of the Field, A Bibliographical Survey and a set of his most significant scholarly articles are found in Social Distinctives of the Christians in the First Century: Pivotal Essays by E. A. Judge.