Pensees (Penguin Black Classics Series)
Blaise Pacal, the precociously brilliant contemporary of Descartes, was a gifted mathematician and physicist, but it is his unfinished apologia for the Christian religion upon which his reputation now rests. The PENSEES is a collection of philosophical fragments, notes...
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Blaise Pacal, the precociously brilliant contemporary of Descartes, was a gifted mathematician and physicist, but it is his unfinished apologia for the Christian religion upon which his reputation now rests.
The PENSEES is a collection of philosophical fragments, notes and essays in which he explores the contradictions of human nature in psychological, social, metaphysical and above all, theological terms. Mankind emerges from Pascal's analysis as a wretched and desolate creature within and impersonal universe, but also as a being whose existence can be transformed through faith in God's grace.
This masterly translation conveys Pascal's disarmingly personal tone and captures all the fire and passion of the original. Also contained in this volume are a comparison between different edition, appendices and a bibliography.
The Pensees are the unfinished notes which the French mathematician and physicist, Blaise Pascal (1623-1662), jotted down in preparation for a reasoned defence of Christian belief. They display a vision of humanity's weakness and the futility of worldly life. Whether his subject is the human heart or the famous wager of faith, Pascal writes with a blend of lucidity and eloquence. This translation is unedited, and includes a concordance to the Sellier edition.
'If we submit everything to reason our religion will be left with nothing mysterious or supernatural' Blaise Pascal, the precociously brilliant contemporary of Descartes, was a gifted mathematician and physicist, but it is his unfinished apologia for the Christian religion upon which his reputation now rests. The Penseeacute;s is a collection of philosohical fragments, notes and essays in which Pascal explores the contradictions of human nature in pscyhological, social, metaphysical and-above all-theological terms. Mankind emerges from Pascal's analysis as a wretched and desolate creature within an impersonal universe, but who can be transformed through faith in God's grace. This masterly translation conveys Pascal's disarmingly personal tone and captures all the fire and passion of the original. Also contained in this volume are a comparison between different editions, appendices and a bibliography.
Intended to prove that religion is not contrary to reason, "Pense es" ranks among the liveliest and most eloquent defenses of Christianity. Pascal had intended to write an ambitious apologia for Christianity but his untimely death prevented the work's completion. The fragments remain a vital part of religious and philosophical literature. Introduction by T. S. Eliot.
French Mathematician Blaise Pascal did much to set in motion what is known today as modern mathematics. An unusually creative mathematician, he developed a number of theorems and mathematical structures, including the beginnings of probability theory and a more sophisticated understanding of the geometry of conic structures. At the age of 16, Pascal wrote a brilliant paper on conics; the paper consisted of one single printed page on which he states his major theorem - the opposite sides of any hexagon inscribed in a cone intersect in a straight line. This theorem led Pascal to develop several hundred related theorems in geometry. Pascal's activities, however, were not confined to pure mathematics. When he was about 19 years old, he built a calculating machine that he demonstrated to the king of France. It worked well enough to allow him to build and sell about 50 of them over a few years' time. His work on problems in atmospheric pressure eventually resulted in an early version of the gas law. At the age of 25, Pascal entered a Jansenist monastery to begin an ascetic life of study and argument. However, he continued his mathematical work. With Pierre de Fermat, Pascal laid the foundation for the theory of probability. In 1654, Pascal's friend, the Chevelier de Mere, had asked him to analyze a problem arising from a game of chance. Pascal in turn exchanged a number of letters with Fermat about the problem. This correspondence became the starting point for a theory of probability. However, neither published the ideas developed in the correspondence. The letters did inspire one of Pascal's contemporaries, Christian Huygens of Holland, to publish in 1657 a short tract on the mathematics of games involving dice. Pascal's name is now attached to "Pascals' Triangle" of binomial coefficients which plays and important role in the study combinations and probability. The triangle was known at least 600 years before Pascal became interested in it, but because of his contributions to its study, the triangle eventually became associated with his name. A sensitive and temperamental man, Pascal was obsessed with religious philosophy, a subject on which he wrote extensively. In his general philosophy he was very much taken with the concept of the infinite, which unsettled him and inspired in him a sense of awe. Over a period of years, he wrote on many religious, philosophical, and mathematical subjects. His notes and letters were edited and published posthumously as his Pensees.
- :pensees - Blaise Pascal <i>translated With A Revised Introduction By A. J. Krailsheimer</i><p>introduction<br>concordance Between The Present Edition And That Of P. Sellier<br>select Bibliography<br><b>section One: Papers Classified By Pascal (pascal's Titles)</b><br>i. Order<br>ii. Vanity<br>iii. Wretchedness<br>iv. Boredom<br>v. Causes And Effects<br>vi. Greatness<br>vii. Contradictions<br>viii. Diversion<br>ix. Philosophers<br>x. The Sovereign Good<br>xi. Apr<br>xii. Beginning<br>xiii. Submission And Use Of Reason<br>xiv. Excellence Of This Means Of Proving God<br>xv. Transition From Knowledge Of Man To Knowledge Of God<br>xvb. Nature Is Corrupt<br>xvi. Falseness Of Other Religions<br>xvii. Make Religion Attractive<br>xviii. Foundations<br>xix. Figurative Law<br>xx. Rabbinism<br><b>section Two: Papers Not Classified By Pascal (translator's Titles)</b><br>i. Various<br>ii. The Wager<br>iii. Against Indifference<br>iv. Eternal Judgment. Christ.<br>v. Two Essential Truths Of Christianity<br>vi. Advantages Of Jewish People<br>vii. Sincerity Of Jewish People<br>viii. True Jews And True Christians Have Same Religion<br>ix. Particularity Of Jewish People<br>x. Perpetuity Of Jewish People<br>xi. Proofs Of Religion<br>xii. Prophecies<br>xiii. Particular Prophecies<br>xiv. Daniel<br>xv. Isaiah And Jeremiah: Latin Texts<br>xvi. Prophecies<br>xvii. Prophecies<br>xviii. Prophecies: The Jews And Christ<br>xix. Figurative Meanings<br>xx. Belief. Classical Quotations<br>xxi. Two Types Of Mind<br>xxii. Mathematical And Intuitive Mind<br>xxiii. Various<br>xxiv. Various<br>xxv. Human Nature. Style. Jesuits Etc.<br>xxvi. Sources Of Error<br>xxvii. Diversion. Draft Prefaces<br>xxviii. Superiority Of Christianity. Human Behaviour<br>xxix. Relativity Of Human Values. The Bible And Its Truth<br>xxx. Habit And Conversion<br>xxxi. Figurative Language In Bible. Human Relations<br><b>section Three: Miracles</b><br>xxxii. Opinion Of Saint-cyran<br>xxxiii. Rules For Miracles<br>xxiv. Miracles For Port Royal Against Jesuits<br><b>section Four: Fragments Not Found In The First Copy</b><br>a. The Memorial<br>b. Fragments In The <i>recueil Original</i><br><i>the Mystery Of Jesus</i><br>c. Fragments From Other Sources<br><i>self-love</i><br>saying Attributed To Pascal<br>additional <i>pens&#233;es</i><br></p>