Politics and Religion
Bruce is consistently rigorous and disciplined, literate and humane, as he brings the sociology of religion into the center of public issues and debate. A major contribution by a mature sociologist, this book should be required reading for all those...
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Bruce is consistently rigorous and disciplined, literate and humane, as he brings the sociology of religion into the center of public issues and debate. A major contribution by a mature sociologist, this book should be required reading for all those concerned with the prospects for freedom and rationality in a frightened and frightening world." Richard K. Fenn, Princeton Theological Seminary "There are two things to be said about this book apart from the characteristic acumen, learning and clarity Steve Bruce brings to the major issues of religion and politics. First, that those who so often publicly air their views about the dire consequences of religion should here learn the kind of social scientific work they need to undertake to render mere opinion serious. Second, that it will be worth watching the reactions of all those involved in the intellectual scandal of political correctness to so trenchant, courageous and even-handed a treatment of "sensitive" topics." David D. Martin, London School of Economics "In many respects, this book contains all the hallmarks of Steve Bruce's writing: it is bold, provocative, clear and fluent...he [the author] has provided food for thought, and a welcome introduction to the place of religion in the modern world" Grace Davies, Church Times "I commend this book as a very good and judicious introduction and review of a contested and fraught subject: the inter-relationship between faith and politics." Theology "It contains a great deal of useful history and analysis, clearly presented, and it focuses on an insufficiently studied area of social science." Malcom Brown, Cambridge Theological Federation "Bruce draws on a dazzling array of cases across the globe and across time to explore the nature of the relationship between religion and politics...this is an excellent book. Its range is extraordinary, its arguments clearly laid out, and its writing clear and lucid." Clyde Wilcox, Political Science Quarterly "Steve Bruce's Religion and Politics takes a different approach to the question of religion's resurgence in the aftermath of the Cold War. A sociologist by training, he takes the reader through the role of religion in politics in an encyclopedic manner, using a comparative case study approach. ...It is here that reader begins to understand the enormous depth of his investigation-a quality that is maintained in each chapter. ...Religion and Politics [is] a welcome addition to a growing and much needed new body of scholarship in international relations. James F. Rinehart, Troy State University
Preface Acknowledgements 1 RELIGION Introduction Some illustrations Caution about method The mix-and-match wardrobe The limits to comparison Defining politics and religion Religion standing apart Outline 2 EMPIRE Introduction The Ottoman Empire The Balkan secessions The failure of reform The British Raj Common humanity Religious identities in India Creating a nation from a religion Conclusion 3 NATION Introduction Religion and national identity Nationalists mobilizing strong religious identities Poland and Ireland Nationalists mobilizing weak religious identities Yugoslavia Russia and the Ukraine Nationalists rejecting strong religious identities Turkey, Egypt, Syria and Iran India Nationalists rejecting fragmented religious identities Sub-Saharan Africa Imposing toleration Why religion? Pious dissent from religio-ethnic linkage Global fundamentalism The limits to fundamentalism Conclusion 4 PARTY Introduction Closed Catholic politics Catholicism and the right Open Catholic politics Religious dissent and class formation Religion and West European politics post-1945 Religion and party Socio-moral values Conclusion 5 PROTEST Introduction Taming industry Promoting equality Resisting state terror The value of religion for political protest The moral high ground Exemption Drama Honest brokers Networks The New Christian Right The rise of the NCR Evaluating the NCR The advantages and disadvantages of zealotry Structural advantages Structural constraints Concluding thoughts on individualism 6 CONTROL Introduction Enforcing obedience to God Ensuring loyalty The road to freedom An aside on necessity Communist repression The post-Soviet settlement China Islamic repression Pakistan Tensions Policing religious innovation Brainwashing Millennial disaster movements State responses New religions and children Conclusion 7 EXPLANATION Introduction Regimes Parties and social movements Models of explanation The Pygmalion method Orientalism The causal nexus The variables The nature of the divine The reach of religion The politics of orthopraxis Religions of the powerful and the impotent The Burns doctrine: secularization and liberty Prosperity Individualism and egalitarianism Diversity Conclusion Notes Index
Islamic fundamentalists wreck the financial heart of New York; Hindus destroy a mosque at Ayodhya; Orthodox Jews battle Palestinians for possession of holy sites; in Egypt, Israel and India political leaders are murdered by religious zealots. In many parts of the world, religion combines with ethnic and national conflict to stimulate political militancy. The collapse of Communism and the failure of Western secular models of development have stimulated the revival of religiously inspired nationalisms. Even in stable affluent democracies, religion is a powerful influence on political preferences. It affects lifestyle concerns such as abortion, gender roles and gay rights. It influences economic attitudes. It shapes the alignments of political parties. Believers try to influence governments and, although most governments in principle tolerate religious diversity, many still attempt to regulate religious behaviour, particularly that of new religious movements. ^ Steve Bruce draws on ma
Steve Bruce is Professor of Sociology at the University of Aberdeen. He is the author of many books, including Religion in Modern Britain, The Rise and Fall of the New Christian Right, The Red Hand, and The Edge of the Union, and the co-editor of The Rapture of Politics: The Christian Right as theýUnited States Approaches the Year 2000.ý
- Preface. Acknowledgements. 1 Religion. Introduction. Some Illustrations. Caution About Method. The Mix--and--match Wardrobe. The Limits To Comparison. Defining Politics And Religion. Religion Standing Apart. Outline. 2 Empire. Introduction. The Ottoman Empire. The Balkan Secessions. The Failure Of Reform. The British Raj. Common Humanity. Religious Identities In India. Creating A Nation From A Religion. Conclusion. 3 Nation. Introduction. Religion And National Identity. Nationalists Mobilizing Strong Religious Identities. Poland And Ireland. Nationalists Mobilizing Weak Religious Identities. Yugoslavia. Russia And The Ukraine. Nationalists Rejecting Strong Religious Identities. Turkey, Egypt, Syria And Iran. India. Nationalists Rejecting Fragmented Religious Identities. Sub--saharan Africa. Imposing Toleration. Why Religion?. Pious Dissent From Religio--ethnic Linkage. Global Fundamentalism. The Limits To Fundamentalism. Conclusion. 4 Party. Introduction. Closed Catholic Politics. Catholicism And The Right. Open Catholic Politics. Religious Dissent And Class Formation. Religion And West European Politics Post--1945. Religion And Party. Socio--moral Values. Conclusion. 5 Protest. Introduction. Taming Industry. Promoting Equality. Resisting State Terror. The Value Of Religion For Political Protest. The Moral High Ground. Exemption. Drama. Honest Brokers. Networks. The New Christian Right. The Rise Of The Ncr. Evaluating The Ncr. The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Zealotry. Structural Advantages. Structural Constraints. Concluding Thoughts On Individualism. 6 Control. Introduction. Enforcing Obedience To God. Ensuring Loyalty. The Road To Freedom. An Aside On Necessity. Communist Repression. The Post--soviet Settlement. China. Islamic Repression. Pakistan. Tensions. Policing Religious Innovation. Brainwashing. Millennial Disaster Movements. State Responses. New Religions And Children. Conclusion. 7 Explanation. Introduction. Regimes. Parties And Social Movements. Models Of Explanation. The Pygmalion Method. Orientalism. The Causal Nexus. The Variables. The Nature Of The Divine. The Reach Of Religion. The Politics Of Orthopraxis. Religions Of The Powerful And The Impotent. The Burns Doctrine: Secularization And Liberty. Prosperity. Individualism And Egalitarianism. Diversity. Conclusion. Notes. Index.