Reason and Religious Belief (2nd Edition)
Introduction1. Thinking about God: The Search for the UltimateDefining ReligionWhat is Philosophy of Religion?The God of TheismThe Religious Ambiguity of LifeOur Task2. Religious Experience: What Does it Mean to Encounter the Divine?Types of Religious ExperienceReligious Experience as a FeelingReligious Experience...
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Introduction1. Thinking about God: The Search for the UltimateDefining ReligionWhat is Philosophy of Religion?The God of TheismThe Religious Ambiguity of LifeOur Task2. Religious Experience: What Does it Mean to Encounter the Divine?Types of Religious ExperienceReligious Experience as a FeelingReligious Experience as a Perceptual ExperienceReligious Epxerience as Interpretation in Supernatural TermsCan Religious Experience Justify Religious Belief?The Principle of CredulityDiversity of Religious ExperiencesIs There a Common Core to Religious Experience?3. Faith and Reason: How Are They Related?Can Reason Be Trusted?Strong RationalismFideismCritical Rationalism4. The Divine Attributes: What is God Like?Prefect and Worthy of WorshipNecessary and Self-ExistentPersonal and Free CreatorAll-Powerful, All-Knowing, and Perfectly GoodGod, Providence, and Human FreedomGod Eternal -- Timeless or Everlasting5. Theistic Arguments: Is There Evidence for God's Existence?Theistic Arguments as ProofThe Ontological ArgumentContemporary Versions of the Ontological ArgumentThe Cosmological ArgumentThe Kalam Cosmological ArgumentAn Athestic Argument for the Big BangThe Atemporal Cosmological ArgumentThe Analogical Teleological ArgumentThe Probabilistic Teleological ArgumentThe Moral ArgumentCummulative Case Arguments and GodThe God of Relgion and the God of Philosophy6. The Problem of Evil: The Case Against God's ExistenceThe Logical Problem of EvilThe Evidential Problem of EvilDefense and TheodicyThemes in TheodicySome Important Global TheodiciesTheodicy and the Assessment of Theism7. Knowing God Without Arguments: Does Theism Need a Base?EvidentialismCritique of EvidentialismPlantinga on Properly Basic BeliefsAlson on Perceiving GodConcluding Observations8. Religious Language: How Can We Speak Meaningfully of God?Human Language and the InfiniteThe Classical Theory of AnalogyVerification and Falsification IssuesThe Functions of Religious DiscourseReligious Language as SymbolicCan Talk of God Be Literal?9. Miracles: Does God Intervene in Earthly AffairsMiracles DefinedMiracles as Historical EventsMiracles as Unexplainable EventsPractical Considerations10. Life After Death: Are There Reasons for Hope?TerminologyConcepts of Life After DeathPersonal Identity and the SoulImmortality of the SoulCriticism of the Soul-ConceptThe Self as Psychophysical UnityRe-creation and Spatio-Temporal ContinuityA Posteriori Arguments for Life After DeathA Priori Arguments for Life After DeathProspects11. Religion and Science: Compatible or Incomplete?Do Religion and Science Conflict?Are Religion and Science Independent?Is Dialogue Possible?Attempts at Integration?Summary12. Religious Diversity: How Can We Understand Differences Among Religions?Religious DiversityExclusivismCritique of ExclusivismPluralismCritique of PluralismInclusivismCritique of InclusivismCriteria for Assessing Religions13. Religious Ethics: The Relation of God to MoralityThe Source of Religious Ethical TruthThe Authoritative Basis of Religious Ethical TruthThe Acquisition of Religiously Based Ethical TruthThe Significance of Religiously Based Ethical TruthCurrent Issues14. Philosophy and Theological Doctrine: Can Philosophy Illumine ReligiousBelief?The IncarnationThe AtonementPetitionary PrayerGod's Love and Eternal DamnationRevelationClosing Comment15. The Continuing Quest: God and the Human VentureThe Intellectual ProcessPhilosophical Activity and Religious FaithWhere Do We Go from Here?
Introduction 1. Thinking about God: The Search for the Ultimate Defining Religion What is Philosophy of Religion? The God of Theism The Religious Ambiguity of Life Our Task 2. Religious Experience: What Does it Mean to Encounter the Divine? Types of Religious Experience Religious Experience as a Feeling Religious Experience as a Perceptual Experience Religious Epxerience as Interpretation in Supernatural Terms Can Religious Experience Justify Religious Belief? The Principle of Credulity Diversity of Religious Experiences Is There a Common Core to Religious Experience? 3. Faith and Reason: How Are They Related? Can Reason Be Trusted? Strong Rationalism Fideism Critical Rationalism 4. The Divine Attributes: What is God Like? Prefect and Worthy of Worship Necessary and Self-Existent Personal and Free Creator All-Powerful, All-Knowing, and Perfectly Good God, Providence, and Human Freedom God Eternal -- Timeless or Everlasting 5. Theistic Arguments: Is There Evidence for God's Existence? Theistic Arguments as Proof The Ontological Argument Contemporary Versions of the Ontological Argument The Cosmological Argument The Kalam Cosmological Argument An Athestic Argument for the Big Bang The Atemporal Cosmological Argument The Analogical Teleological Argument The Probabilistic Teleological Argument The Moral Argument Cummulative Case Arguments and God The God of Religion and the God of Philosophy 6. The Problem of Evil: The Case Against God's Existence The Logical Problem of Evil The Evidential Problem of Evil Defense and Theodicy Themes in Theodicy Some Important Global Theodicies Theodicy and the Assessment of Theism 7. Knowing God Without Arguments: Does Theism Need a Basis? Evidentialism Critique of Evidentialism Plantinga on Properly Basic Beliefs Alson on Perceiving God Concluding Observations 8. Religious Language: How Can We Speak Meaningfully of God? Human Language and the Infinite The Classical Theory of Analogy Verification and Falsification Issues The Functions of Religious Discourse Religious Language as Symbolic Can Talk of God Be Literal? 9. Miracles: Does God Intervene in Earthly Affairs Miracles Defined Miracles as Historical Events Miracles as Unexplainable Events Practical Considerations 10. Life After Death: Are There Reasons for Hope? Terminology Concepts of Life After Death Personal Identity and the Soul Immortality of the Soul Criticism of the Soul-Concept The Self as Psychophysical Unity Re-creation and Spatio-Temporal Continuity A Posteriori Arguments for Life After Death A Priori Arguments for Life After Death Prospects 11. Religion and Science: Compatible or Incompatible? Do Religion and Science Conflict? Are Religion and Science Independent? Is Dialogue Possible? Attempts at Integration? Summary 12. Religious Diversity: How Can We Understand Differences Among Religions? Religious Diversity Exclusivism Critique of Exclusivism Pluralism Critique of Pluralism
Does a supreme being exist? Can the existence of a good God be reconciled with evil and suffering? In light of great differences among religions, can only one religion be true? The most comprehensive work of its kind, Reason and Religious Belief, now in its second edition, explores these and other perennial questions in the philosophy of religion. Drawing from the best in both classical and contemporary discussions, the authors examine standard topics in the field--religious experience, faith and reason, theistic arguments, the problem of evil, religious language, miracles, and life after death--as well as new topics that have been widely discussed over the last few decades, including Reformed epistemology, religious pluralism, the philosophical analysis of theological doctrine, and the Kalam cosmological argument. They also treat subjects not often included in competing texts, such as process theism, religious pluralism, and the relationship between religion and morality. This new ed
Dr. Michael L. Peterson (Ph.D. from the State University of New York) is currently Professor of Philosophy and Chair of the department at Asbury College. Dr. Peterson has written: Evil and the Christian God (Baker Books); Philosophy of Education: Issues and Options (InterVarsity Press); God and Evil: An Introduction to the Issues (HarperCollins/Westview); and his newest book commitment is Christian Theism and the Problem of Evil (forthcoming, Blackwell of Oxford). His next writing project is on philosophical theories of human nature.Dr. Peterson has edited or been senior editor in three books: The Problem of Evil: Selected Readings (Notre Dame, going into its 2nd edition), Philosophy of Religion: Selected Readings (Oxford, now in 3rd edition), and Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Religion (Blackwell, Oxford).