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The Devil's Redemption: A New History and Interpretation of Christian Universalism

Hardback|Jun 2018
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$165.00

Winner of the 2018 TGC Book Award for Academic Theology "It's not uncommon to hear some book touted as "definitive" or "magisterial." Usually the hype is overblown. Every now and then, it's not. This is one of the exceptions. ...


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Winner of the 2018 TGC Book Award for Academic Theology

"It's not uncommon to hear some book touted as "definitive" or "magisterial." Usually the hype is overblown. Every now and then, it's not. This is one of the exceptions. The Devil's Redemption truly is, as the back cover states, "the definitive treatment on universalism for years to come." Nearly 1,400 pages, McClymond goes wide and deep to survey the history of universalist ideas. He shows how universalism necessarily impinges on other doctrines, and he exposes the tragic irony that universalism, far from preserving grace, eclipses it. One judge put it well: "I'm struck by the book's relevance. Universalism, I'm convinced, is likely to grow in its threat to orthodoxy, particularly in the Western church-and I'm not sure we're prepared for it. Indeed, many Christians today wish they (or God) could be a universalist. Historical examination, rather than biblical/systematic theological argumentation alone, helps locate this false doctrine in social and intellectual context; it reminds us that, given the right conditions today, its re-emergence is always lurking around the corner."

- Ivan Mesa, https://www.thegospelcoalition.org/article/2018-tgc-book-awards/

:Will all evil finally turn to good, or does some evil remain stubbornly opposed to God and God's goodness? Will even the devil be redeemed? Addressing a theological issue of perennial interest, this comprehensive book surveys the history of Christian universalism from the second to the twenty-first century and offers an interpretation of how and why universalist belief arose. The author explores what the church has taught about universal salvation and hell and critiques universalism from a biblical, philosophical, and theological standpoint. He shows that the effort to extend grace to everyone undermines the principle of grace for anyone.
-Publisher

PRODUCT DETAIL
  • Catalogue Code 494490
  • Product Code 9780801048562
  • ISBN 0801048567
  • EAN 9780801048562
  • Pages 1376
  • Department Academic
  • Category Theology
  • Sub-Category General
  • Publisher Baker Academic
  • Publication Date Jun 2018
  • Sales Rank 60177
  • Dimensions 234 x 158 x 81mm
  • Weight 2.161kg

Michael J McClymond

Michael J. McClymond is the Clarence Louis and Helen Irene Steber Professor in the Department of Theological Studies at Saint Louis University. He is the author of Encounters with God: An Approach to the Theology of Jonathan Edwards (winner of the American Society of Church History's Brewer Prize), coeditor of The Rivers of Paradise: Moses, Buddha, Confucius, Jesus, and Muhammed as Religious Founders, and editor of the forthcoming book, The Encyclopedia of Religious Revivals in America, to be published in 2005.

  • :<b>contents<br><br>volume 1&amp;#9;&amp;#9;</b>acknowledgments<br>abbreviations<br>prologue<br>introduction<br>0.1. Uncovering A Gnostic-kabbalist-esoteric Tradition<br>0.2. Linking Esoteric Universalism In Judaism, Christianity, And Islam<br>0.3. Two Christian Strands: Origenism And B&amp;ouml;hmism<br>0.4. The Theme Of Divine Self-alienation And Self-return<br>0.5. Contrasts Between Esoteric And Exoteric Christian Theologies<br>0.6. Theological Issues: Preexistence, Wisdom, Punishment, And Rationalism<br>0.7. The Late Twentieth-century Tilt Toward Universalism<br>0.8. Divine Drama In Bulgakov, Barth, Balthasar, Tillich, And Moltmann<br>0.9. Scripture, Reason, And Experience In Universalist Argumentation<br>0.10. A Theological Irony: Universalism's Eclipse Of Grace<br>1. Final Salvation: Church Teachings And Newer Views<br>1.1. Mainline Protestants: The Turn Toward Universalism<br>1.2. Roman Catholics: Traditionalists Versus &amp;quot;hopeful Universalists&amp;quot;<br>1.3. Eastern Orthodoxy: Official Teachings And Private Opinions<br>1.4. Evangelicals, Pentecostals, And Charismatics: Newcomers To Universalism<br>1.5. Should Everyone Be Told? Universalism As A Secret Gospel<br>1.6. Christ's Descent To The Dead And The Larger Hope<br>1.7. The Old Catholic Purgatory And The New<br>1.8. Protestants Debating Hell: From The Seventeenth To Nineteenth Centuries<br>1.9. Recent Catholic Discussions Of Death And Hell<br>1.10. British Evangelicals And The Debate Over Conditionalism<br>1.11. Summary And Conclusions On Church Teachings<br>2. Ancient Afterlives: The Gnostic, Kabbalist, And Esoteric Roots Of Christian Universalism<br>2.1. Near Eastern And Greco-roman Cultures: From Shadows To Immortal Souls<br>2.2. Jewish Afterlives: Bodies, Souls, Resurrection, And Judgment<br>2.3. Evidence For Second- And Third-century Gnostic Universalism<br>2.4. Medieval Gnosis: Catharist Universalism<br>2.5. Core Concepts Of Kabbalah<br>2.6. Universalist Tendencies In Kabbalah<br>2.7. Early Christian Cabala: Guillaume Postel<br>2.8. Dutch Jews In The 1600s: The Morteira-aboab Debate On Eternal Punishment<br>2.9. Multilevel Heavens In Swedenborgianism And Mormonism<br>2.10. The Universalism Of Sadhu Sundar Singh<br>2.11. Gnostic And Esoteric Models For Reunion With The Divine<br>2.12. Summary And Conclusions On Gnostic, Kabbalistic, And Esoteric Universalisms<br>3. &amp;quot;the End Is Like The Beginning&amp;quot;: Origen And Origenism, 200-410 Ce<br>3.1. The Modern Rehabilitation Of Origen And Origenism<br>3.2. The Question Of Origen's Texts<br>3.3. Clement Of Alexandria And The Question Of Universalism<br>3.4. Origen's Intellectual Backdrop And Cosmic Vision<br>3.5. The Vexatious Issue Of Preexistent Souls<br>3.6. Origen's Theology: God, Souls, Angels, Demons, Salvation, And The Eschaton<br>3.7. Origen's Biblical Interpretation And The Cleansing Fire Of Conscience<br>3.8. Debated Issues On Origen And The Arguments Of The Anti-origenians<br>3.9. Gregory Of Nyssa's Revised Origenism<br>3.10. Final Confluence In Evagrius Of Pontus<br>3.11. The First Origenist Controversy, I: Beginnings Under Epiphanius<br>3.12. The First Origenist Controversy, Ii: Conflict In Egypt Under Theophilus<br>3.13. The First Origenist Controversy, Iii: The Jerome-rufinus Debate<br>3.14. Summary And Conclusions On Origen And Origenism, 200-410 Ce<br>4. &amp;quot;that God May Be All In All&amp;quot;: Origen And Origenism, 410-1700 Ce<br>4.1. Fifth-century Coptic Anti-origenism: Shenoute Of Atripe<br>4.2. Non-universalist Syriac Authors: Aphrahat, Ephrem, Isaac Of Antioch, And Narsai<br>4.3. Augustine's Conceptual Analysis And Critique Of Origen<br>4.4. Hierarchical Neoplatonism: Pseudo-dionysius The Areopagite<br>4.5. Stephen Bar Sudaili And The <i>book Of The Holy Hierotheos</i><br>4.6. Bar Sudaili And Thirteenth-century Mesopotamia: Bar Hebraeus, George Washnaya, And Simon The Persecuted<br>4.7. Sixth-century Origenism In The Letters Of Severus Of Antioch And Barsanuphius<br>4.8. Maximus The Confessor's Critique Of Origenism<br>4.9. The Universalist Theology Of Isaac The Syrian<br>4.10. The Speculative System Of John Scotus Eriugena<br>4.11. Thomas Aquinas As A Critic Of Origen<br>4.12. Soundings In European Origenism, 1200-1650 Ce<br>4.13. Origenism In Seventeenth-century England: Rust, Parker, And Conway<br>4.14. Origenism's &amp;quot;swan Song&amp;quot;: The Bayle-le Clerc Exchange<br>4.15. Toward Universalist Rationalism: Andrew Michael Ramsay And David Hartley<br>4.16. Summary And Conclusions On Origen And Origenism, 410-1700 Ce<br>5. &amp;quot;in Yes And No All Things Consist&amp;quot;: The Theosophic World Of Jakob B&amp;ouml;hme And The B&amp;ouml;hmists Of Germany, England, America, France, And Russia<br>5.1. Jakob B&amp;ouml;hme: Life And Legend<br>5.2. Divergent Interpretations Of B&amp;ouml;hme's Thought<br>5.3. An Outline And Summary Of B&amp;ouml;hme's Theology<br>5.4. The B&amp;ouml;hmist Shift To Universalism<br>5.5. B&amp;ouml;hmist Receptions: Sectarian, Churchly, Esoteric, Literary, And Philosophical<br>5.6. Johann Georg Gichtel And The Early German B&amp;ouml;hmists<br>5.7. Gerrard Winstanley, Jane Lead, And The Philadelphian Movement In England<br>5.8. Johann And Johanna Petersen And German And German-american Pietistic Universalism<br>5.9. British B&amp;ouml;hmism: William Law, George Macdonald, Andrew Jukes, And Thomas Erskine<br>5.10. Universalism Against A Backdrop Of French Illuminism, Esotericism, And Occultism<br>5.11. Martines De Pasqually And The Emergence Of French Martinism<br>5.12. Martinism Under Louis-claude De Saint-martin<br>5.13. The Rise Of Russian B&amp;ouml;hmism Prior To Solovyov<br>5.14. Summary And Conclusions On B&amp;ouml;hme And B&amp;ouml;hmist Universalism<br>6. A House Divided: The Rise And Fall Of The Anglo-american Universalists<br>6.1. Sectarians And Pietists: German Roots Of American Universalism<br>6.2. George De Benneville And Paul Siegvolck's <i>everlasting Gospel</i><br>6.3. Caleb Rich And Body-soul Dualism<br>6.4. James Relly And Calvinistic Universalism<br>6.5. John Murray And Rellyan Universalism In America<br>6.6. Elhanan Winchester And Transatlantic Restorationist Universalism<br>6.7. From Calvinism To Universalism To Unitarianism In Britain<br>6.8. Hosea Ballou And The Restorationist Controversy<br>6.9. Internal Tensions And Contradictions In Anglo-american Universalism<br>6.10. Summary And Conclusions On Anglo-american Universalism<br><b>volume 2<br></b>7. German Thinkers: Kant And M&amp;uuml;ller, Schleiermacher And Hegel, Schelling And Tillich<br>7.1. The Kantian Legacy Of Transcendental Selfhood<br>7.2. M&amp;uuml;ller's Quasi-origenist Non-universalism<br>7.3. Schleiermacher On Universal Election And Human Solidarity<br>7.4. Hegel As Rationalist And Esotericist<br>7.5. Hegel And The Consummation Of Absolute Spirit<br>7.6. A Theological Critique Of Hegel's Thought<br>7.7. Schelling's Speculative Reinterpretation Of Creation, Fall, And Redemption<br>7.8. Tillich's &amp;quot;half-way Demythologization&amp;quot; Of The Fall And Restoration Of Souls<br>7.9. Summary And Conclusions On German Thinkers<br>8. Russian Thinkers: Solovyov, Berdyaev, Florovsky, And Bulgakov<br>8.1. The Russian Background, I: Orthodoxy, Idealism, And B&amp;ouml;hmism<br>8.2. The Russian Background, Ii: Freemasonry And Esotericism<br>8.3. Vladimir Solovyov And The Roots Of Russian Sophiology<br>8.4. Solovyov's Universalist Vision Of &amp;quot;all-unity&amp;quot;<br>8.5. Nicolas Berdyaev And Hell's Irresolvable Paradoxes<br>8.6. The Metaphysical Foundations Of Sergius Bulgakov's Dogmatics<br>8.7. Bulgakov And Florovsky In The Sophiological Debate<br>8.8. Bulgakov's <i>the Bride Of The Lamb</i> And The Arguments For Universalism<br>8.9. Summary And Conclusions On Russian Thinkers<br>9. Debating Universal Election: Karl Barth, Barth's Interpreters, J&amp;uuml;rgen Moltmann, And The Post-1970s Kenotic-relational Theologies<br>9.1. Interpretive Prologue: Post-1960s Interpretations Of Barth's Theology<br>9.2. Biographical Prologue: Barth And The Hellfire Preacher In 1916<br>9.3. Barth On Election: An Overview<br>9.4. Barth On Israel's Election And The Jewish People<br>9.5. Barth On Election In The New Testament And Christian Tradition<br>9.6. Barth On The <i>logos Asarkos</i> And Eternal Godmanhood<br>9.7. Barth On Nothingness (<i>das Nichtige</i>) And The &amp;quot;impossibility&amp;quot; Of Sin<br>9.8. Barth's Interpreters On The Question Of Universalism<br>9.9. Barth's Ambiguous Legacy: From The 1950s To The 1980s<br>9.10. J&amp;uuml;rgen Moltmann And The God-with-us In Suffering<br>9.11. Evaluating Moltmann's Universalist Theology<br>9.12. The Rise Of Kenotic-relational Theologies Since The 1990s<br>9.13. Apocalypse Now: Congdon's Neo-bultmannian Universalism<br>9.14. Summary And Conclusions On Barth, Moltmann, And Post-1970s Theologies<br>10. Embracing Universal Hope: Karl Rahner, Hans Urs Von Balthasar, And The Inclusivist, Plurocentrist, And Universalist Turns In Roman Catholicism<br>10.1. Henri De Lubac And Catholic Debates On Nature And Grace<br>10.2. Karl Rahner's &amp;quot;anonymous Christians&amp;quot; And Post-vatican&amp;ii Theology<br>10.3. The Ambitious And Ambiguous Cosmology Of Teilhard De&amp;chardin<br>10.4. The Theology Of Hans Urs Von Balthasar: A General Sketch<br>10.5. Balthasar's Roots: Church Fathers, Russian Thinkers, And Karl Barth<br>10.6. Balthasar's Theological Relation To Adrienne Von Speyr<br>10.7. Balthasar's <i>theo-drama</i> And The Idea Of <i>urkenosis</i><br>10.8. Balthasar On Eschatology Generally<br>10.9. Balthasar's <i>dare We Hope?</i> And Universal Salvation<br>10.10. Summary And Conclusions On Roman Catholicism And Universalism<br>11. New Theologies In The New Millennium: The Variety Of Contemporary Universalisms<br>11.1. Character Of The New Millennium Universalist Literature<br>11.2. Liberal And Esoteric Universalism: Gulley, Mulholland, And Pearson<br>11.3. The Philosophical Universalism Of Thomas Talbott<br>11.4. The Evangelical Universalism Of Robin Parry<br>11.5. Evangelical Revisionism In Frank, Bell, And Kruger<br>11.6. Pentecostal Preachers Of Grace: Dunn, D

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