The Gospel of John (Volume 1) (New Daily Study Bible Series)
Markedly different from "Matthew", "Mark" and "Luke", "John" lacks the pithy phrases that the other three gospels possess. In "John", much of Jesus' teachings come in the form of extended paragraphs, even entire chapters. They are in-depth, argumentative and engaging....
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Markedly different from "Matthew", "Mark" and "Luke", "John" lacks the pithy phrases that the other three gospels possess. In "John", much of Jesus' teachings come in the form of extended paragraphs, even entire chapters. They are in-depth, argumentative and engaging. It is also only in "John" that we hear of Jesus washing the disciples' feet, the raising of Lazarus, and the marriage feast of Cana of Galilee. The characters of many of the disciples particularly come to life. William Barclay reveals why, for many Christian people, the Gospel according to "John" is the most precious book of the "New Testament". It is the book on which, above all, people feed their minds and nourish their hearts, and in which they rest their souls.
World-renowned for his thought-provoking Daily Study Bible series, William Barclay is one of the best-loved commentators on the Bible. His brilliant communication, down-to-earth approach and sheer enthusiasm inspire spirituality and faith among his readers. Over 17 million people worldwide have bought The Daily Study Bible series, in many languages. Markedly different from "Matthew", "Mark" and "Luke", "John" lacks the pithy phrases that the other three gospels possess. William Barclay reveals why, for many Christian people, the Gospel according to "John" is the most precious book of the "New Testament". It is the book on which, above all, people feed their minds and nourish their hearts, and in which they rest their souls.
Born 1907 in Scotland, William Barclay studied at Glasgow and Marburg universities. He was ordained in 1933 and inducted to Renfrew Trinity Church until 1946 when he was appointed Lecturer in New Testament Language and Literature at Glasgow University and later to the position of Professor in New Testament and Divinity. In 1956 the Degree of Doctor of Divinity was conferred on him and he held several prestigious academic positions subsequently. Barclay was a theologian, author, editor, lecturer and broadcaster. His Daily Study Bible won international acclaim, and in 1968 he published his own translation of the New Testament. Barclay was married to Barbara and had three children, he died in 1978.
But there is a real difficulty we must face. This passage tells of the incident known as the cleansing of the Temple. John sets it right at the beginning of the ministry of Jesus, while the other three gospel writers set it right at the end (Matthew 21:12?13; Mark 11: 15?37; Luke 19:45?6). This definitely needs explanation; and various explanations have been put forward. (1) It is suggested that Jesus cleansed the Temple twice, once at the beginning and once at the end of his ministry. That is not very likely, because if he had done this staggering thing once, it is very unlikely that he would ever have had the chance to do it again. His reappearance in the Temple would have been a sign for such precautions to be taken that a repetition of it would not have been possible. (2) It is suggested that John is right and that the other three are wrong. But the incident fits in much better at the end of Jesus? ministry. It is the natural succession to the blazing courage of the triumphal entry and the inevitable prelude to the crucifixion. If we have to choose between John?s dating and the dating of the other three, we must choose the dating of the three. (3) It is suggested that when John died he left his gospel not completely finished; that he left the various incidents written out on separate sheets of papyrus and not bound together. It is then suggested that the sheet containing the account of this incident got out of place and was inserted near the beginning of the manuscript instead of near the end. That is quite possible, but it involves assuming that the person who arranged the manuscript did not know the correct order, which is difficult to believe when he must have known at least some of the other gospels. (4) We must always remember that John, as someone has said, is more interested in the truth than in the facts. He is not interested in writing a chronological biography of Jesus but supremely interested in showing Jesus as the Son of God and the Messiah. It is probable that John was thinking back to the great prophecies of the coming of the Messiah. ?And the Lord whom you seek will suddenly come to his temple. The messenger of the covenant in whom you delight ? indeed, he is coming, says the Lord of hosts. But who can endure the day of his coming, and who can stand when he appears? For he is like a refiner?s fire and like fullers? soap . . . he will purify the descendants of Levi . . . until they present offerings to the Lord in righteousness. Then the offering of Judah and Jerusalem will be pleasing to the Lord as in the days of old and as in former years? (Malachi 3:1?4). � William Barclay