The Origins of Biblical Israel
The book starts from the problem defined by recent archaeological discovery about the societies that formed the backbone of the kingdoms of Israel and Judah, their origins and their relationship. It has become clear that the biblical notion of a...
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The book starts from the problem defined by recent archaeological discovery about the societies that formed the backbone of the kingdoms of Israel and Judah, their origins and their relationship. It has become clear that the biblical notion of a 12-tribe 'nation' united by descent and religion does not correspond to these findings. The challenge is not to argue endlessly about how far the differing accounts can be reconciled, as a prolongation of an old debate about biblical 'historicity', but to try and understand what historical, social and cultural process led to the production of the biblical portrait of an Israel of 12 tribes embracing two kingdoms. Davies argues for the importance of the role of Bethel as a royal sanctuary, then a central sanctuary of the Neo-Babylonian and Persian province of Judah.In particular, the figure of Jacob as the ancestor of 'Israel', associated with Bethel, became the eponym of the biblical 'all Israel' and the name 'Israel' survived as the name of a new society, even as Jerusalem was re-established as the major, and subsequently the only, official Judaean temple.Series Editors: Claudia Camp and Andrew Mein, formerly "Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Supplement". This is a book series that features original and creative approaches to the interpretation of Old Testament literature. "The Bible in the 21st Century" series, a part of JSOTS, seeks to examine contemporary authoritative and cultural meanings of bibles by focusing on the processes of transmission, readership and actualization of biblical texts up to and including the twenty-first century. The series explores issues related to contemporary culture and the place of the bible and religion within it. "Copenhagen International Seminar" is also part of JSOTS.
Emeritus Professor Philip Davies was educated at Oxford and (Ph.D., University of St Andrews), and he taught in Ghana before he was appointed at Sheffield.
His major interests are in intertestamental and rabbinic literature and in the Persian and Hellenistic periods. He is an expert on the Dead Sea Scrolls, and has written four books on that subject: 1QM: The War Scroll from Qumran; Qumran; The Damascus Covenant and Behind the Essenes. He is co-author with John Rogerson of the textbook, The Old Testament World, and author of a book on Old Testament history, In Search of 'Ancient Israel'.
He and Professor Clines founded the Journal for the Study of the Old Testament, and he sits on the board of the Supplement Series of monographs.
He is also Executive Officer of the European Association of Biblical Studies and an Editor of Equinox Publishing.
- Chapter 1 Why Is 'biblical Israel' A Problem?; Chapter 2 The Historical Relationship Between Israel And Judah; Chapter 3 The Tribe Of Benjamin And 'northern Traditions'; Chapter 4 The Importance Of Bethel; Chapter 5 The Figure Of Jacob; Chapter 6 Jerusalem Judah And 'israel': Creating A United Past For The Future.