Theology's Epistemological Dilemma
:The problem of faith and reason is as old as Christianity itself. Today's philosophical, scientific and historical challenges make the epistemic problem inescapable for believers. Can faith justify its claims? Does faith give us confidence in the truth ? Is...
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:The problem of faith and reason is as old as Christianity itself. Today's philosophical, scientific and historical challenges make the epistemic problem inescapable for believers. Can faith justify its claims? Does faith give us confidence in the truth? Is believing with certainty a virtue or a vice?In Theology's Epistemological Dilemma, Kevin Diller addresses this problem by drawing on two of the most significant responses in recent Christian thought: Karl Barth's theology of revelation and Alvin Plantinga's epistemology of Christian belief. This will strike many as unlikely, given the common stereotypes of both thinkers. Contrary to widespread misunderstanding, Diller offers a reading of both as complementary to each other: Barth provides what Plantinga lacks in theological depth, while Plantinga provides what Barth lacks in philosophical clarity. Diller presents a unified Barth/Plantinga proposal for theological epistemology capable of responding without anxiety to the questions that face believers today.
Kevin Diller (PhD, University of St. Andrews) is associate professor of philosophy and religion at Taylor University in Upland, Indiana. He holds graduate degrees from Princeton Theological Seminary and Calvin Theological Seminary, and completed postdoctoral work at the University of Notre Dame where he was awarded the prestigious Frederick J. Crosson Fellowship from the Notre Dame Center for Philosophy of Religion. Diller has written numerous journal articles which have appeared in publications such as Faith and Philosophy and the Scottish Journal of Theology.
- :abbreviationsintroductionaddressing The Epistemic Problems For Christian Faiththe Primary Aim: Elucidating A Combined Barth/plantinga Responsea Secondary Aim: Analytic Theology And The Incompatibility Of Barth And Plantinga
- 1. What Is The Epistemic Problem?the Value Of Skepticismwhat Is Knowledge? And, What Does It Require?true Beliefparticular Epistemic Issues For Christian Theology
- 2. Barth’s Theology Of Revelation: For Us And For Our Salvationknowing In Reflection On Revelationgod As Object And Subject Of His Personal, Cognitive Revelationthe Hiddenness Of God In Revelationrevelation As Whole Person Transformationconclusion
- 3. Barth’s Engagement With Philosophy: A Theo-foundational Epistemologywhy Theology Is Not Philosophycontesting The Ontological Presupposition Of The Enlightenmentthe Obligation Assumptionthe General Starting-point Assumptionthe Access Foundationalist Assumptionthe Boundary Of Philosophyconclusion
- 4. Plantinga’s Christian Philosophizing And Warrantthe Concern Of The Christian Philosopheron Christian Scholarshiptheology And Christian Scholarshipchristian Philosophythe Nature Of Truth And The Nature Of Knowledgeplantinga’s Epistemology And Warrantwhy Warrantthe Failure Of Epistemic Justificationthe Failure Of Epistemic Justification: Degrees Of Warrantthe Failure Of Epistemic Justification: Insufficient Criteriathe Failure Of Epistemic Justification: Unnecessary Criteriathe Design Planconclusion
- 5. Plantinga’s Epistemology Of Christian Belief: The Warrant Of Revelationpreliminary Cautionscaution 1: An Intentionally Under-specified Proposalcaution 2: What The Argument Isplantinga’s A/c Model Of Theistic Beliefthe A/c Model: Overviewthe A/c Model: Acquired Not Implanted Knowledgethe A/c Model: Is It Successful?the A/c Model: Tensions With Barth’s Theology Of Revelationplantinga’s Extended A/c Model Of Christian Beliefthe Extended A/c Model: Overviewthe Extended A/c Model: Authentic Human Christian Beliefthe Extended A/c Model: Individualism And The Community Of Believersthe Extended A/c Model: Can Human Arguments Defeat Christian Belief?conclusion
- 6. Summarizing Interlude: The Unified Barth/plantinga Approach To Christiantheological Epistemologyprimary Components Of The Emerging Unified Proposal
- 7. Theology And Reason: Natural Theology And The Reformed Objection
- <strong>part I: Barth’s Driving Concerns And The Natural Theology He Rejects</strong>
- Rejecting The Move From Belowbrunner, Roman Catholicism And Enlightenment Rationalismbarth’s Insistence On The Direct Action Of God In All Revelationassessment Of Barth On Natural Theology
- <strong>part Ii: Plantinga On Natural Theology</strong>
- The Natural Theology That Plantinga Rejectsplantinga’s Role For Arguments And Inferenceplantinga And The Barthian Dilemma
- <strong>part Iii: The Relationship Between Barth And Plantinga On Natural Theology</strong>
- Do Barth And Plantinga Agree On A Negative Role For Natural Theology?do Barth And Plantinga Agree On A Positive Role For Natural Theology?do Barth And Plantinga Agree About The Nature Of The Sensus Divinitatis?conclusion
- 8. Faith And Revelation: What Constitutes A Genuine Human Knowledge Of God?barth And Three Aspects Of The Knowledge Of Faiththe Critiques Of Evans, Helm And Wolterstorffthe Propositional Form And Content Of The Knowledge Of Faithon Propositional Knowingbarth And Propositional Knowingproper Names And The Essences They Expresshiddenness, Analogy And Historythe Hiddenness Of God Revisitedthe Problem Of Analogical Predicationthe Significance Of The Historical Character Of Divine Self-revealingplantinga And Barth On Faith And Knowingconclusion
- 9. Scripture And Theology: Warrant And The Normativity Of Scripture?toward An Ontology Of Scripturechristian Smith And The Value Of Barth’s View Of Scripturemust We Affirm That Scripture Contains Errors?warrant And The Authority Of Scripturethe First Question: The Question Of Warrantwarranted Belief In The Divine Authority Of Scripturewhat Constitutes Scripture?the Second Question: Warranted Reception Of Divine Addressbelief And The Hermeneutical Role Of The Spiritconclusion
- Concluding Postscript: Fallibility And Assurancebibliographyauthor Indexsubject Index