Recommended by leading evangelical scholars, pastors, teachers, and church leaders worldwide for its clarity, accessibility, and precision of meaning, the TNIV is now available in a full-featured study edition. The Zondervan TNIV STUDY BIBLE combines over 20,000 in-text notes...
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Recommended by leading evangelical scholars, pastors, teachers, and church leaders worldwide for its clarity, accessibility, and precision of meaning, the TNIV is now available in a full-featured study edition.
The Zondervan TNIV STUDY BIBLE combines over 20,000 in-text notes that form the study backbone of this Bible with the most current scholarship reflected through ongoing discoveries in archaeology, linguistics, and biblical history. Including award-winning features and concise, conservative biblical commentary, the Zondervan TNIV Study Bible is edited by the same leading evangelical scholars who brought the world the bestselling Zondervan NIV Study Bible. With a treasury of instant study material alongside the easy-to-read and highly accurate Today's New International Version, the Zondervan TNIV Study Bible provides the most comprehensive study Bible for an emerging generation of Bible readers. Features:
* Over 20,000 bottom-of-the-page, verse-by-verse study notes offer biblical perspectives and study insights
* Icons throughout the study notes highlight historical/archaeological contexts, biblical characters, people groups and notes for personal application
* Topical Index offers over 700 entries to enhance personal and topical Bible study
* 16 pages of new, satellite-generated, full-colour maps
* TNIV side-column cross-reference system and concordance
* Helpful indexes to study notes, in-text maps, and colour maps
* The complete text of the TNIV in a single-column format with words of Christ in red
* Presentation page, notes and map index, and 8-page historical timeline section
The Holy Bible, Today's New International Version' TNIV Copyright 2001, 2005 by International Bible Society . All rights reserved worldwide. Zondervan TNIV Study Bible Copyright 2006 by The Zondervan Corporation All rights reserved Published by Zondervan Grand Rapids, Michigan 49530, U.S.A. www.zondervan.com Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 2006922491 Notes, Book Introductions, Essays, Indexes, Maps, Charts, Diagrams, copyright 2006; Color Time Lines, copyright 1995; the TNIV Side-Column Cross-Reference System, copyright 2006; The TNIV Concordance, copyright 2006; the TNIV Topical Index, copyright 2006; Color Maps, copyright 2005 by Zondervan. Artwork: The Tabernacles, Solomon's Temple, Zerubbabel's Temple, Herod's Temple, copyright 1981; Solomon's Jerusalem, Jerusalem During the Time of the Prophets, Jerusalem of the Returning Exiles, Jerusalem During the Ministry of Jesus, Passion Week, The City of the Jebusites, David's Jerusalem, copyright 1982 by Hugh Claycombe; index to color maps, copyright 2000 by The Zondervan Corporation. Ezekiel's Temple, plan adapted from the design given in the Zondervan Pictorial Bible Dictionary. Copyright 1975 by The Zondervan Corporation. Used by permission. "Analytical Outline for the NIV Harmony of the Gospels," pp. 15-23, from The NIV Harmony of the Gospels by Robert L. Thomas and Stanley N. Gundry. Copyright 1988 by Robert L. Thomas and Stanley N. Gundry. Reprinted by permission of the authors. "Boundaries of the Land in Ezekiel's Vision" 1986 by The Zondervan Corporation; used by permission. The "TNIV" and "Today's New International Version" trademarks are the property of International Bible Society. Use of either trademark requires the permission of International Bible Society. Up to 500 verses of the TNIV may be quoted in any form without written permission, provided that the verses quoted do not amount to a complete book of the Bible or more than 25% of the total text of the work in which they are quoted. Notice of copyright must appear on the title or copyright page of the work as follows: Scripture taken from the Holy Bible, Today's New International Version' TNIV. Copyright 2001, 2005 by International Bible Society. All rights reserved worldwide. When TNIV quotations are used in non-commercial media such as bulletins, orders of service, posters, transparencies or similar media used in churches, a complete copyright notice is not required, but the initials (TNIV) must appear at the end of each quotation. Permission requests for non-commercial use that exceed the above guidelines must be directed to, and approved in writing by, International Bible Society, 1820 Jet Stream Drive, Colorado Springs, CO 80921. Permission requests for commercial use within the U.S. and Canada that exceed the above guidelines must be directed to, and approved in writing by, Zondervan, 5300 Patterson Avenue, S.E., Grand Rapids, MI 49530. All rights reserved. 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 / CTC / 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 You will be pleased to know that a portion of the purchase price of your new TNIV Bible has been provided to International Bible Society to help spread the gospel of Jesus Christ around the world! TITLE The first phrase in the Hebrew text of 1:1 is bereshith ("In [the] beginning"), which is also the Hebrew title of the book (books in ancient times customarily were named after their first word or two). The English title, Genesis, is Greek in origin and comes from the word geneseos, which appears in the pre-Christian Greek translation (Septuagint) of 2:4; 5:1. Depending on its context, the word can mean "birth," "genealogy,#
Recommended by leading evangelical scholars, pastors, teachers, and church leaders worldwide for its clarity, accessibility, and precision of meaning, the Zondervan TNIV Study Bible is now available in the two bestselling bonded leather colors: black and burgundy. Features: * Over 20,000 bottom-of-the-page, verse-by-verse study notes * Icons throughout the study notes highlight historical/ archaeological contexts, biblical characters and people groups, and notes for personal application * Topical index with over 700 entries * 16 pages of new, satellite-generated, full-color maps * TNIV side-column cross-reference system and concordance * Indexes to study notes and in-text maps * Single-column format with words of Christ in red * Presentation page and 8-page historical timeline section
TITLE The first phrase in the Hebrew text of 1:1 is bereshith ('In [the] beginning'), which is also the Hebrew title of the book (books in ancient times customarily were named after their first word or two). The English title, Genesis, is Greek in origin and comes from the word geneseos, which appears in the pre-Christian Greek translation (Septuagint) of 2:4; 5:1. Depending on its context, the word can mean 'birth,' 'genealogy,' or 'history of origin.' In both its Hebrew and Greek forms, then, the traditional title of Genesis appropriately describes its content, since it is primarily a book of beginnings. BACKGROUND B Chs. 1--38 reflect a great deal of what we know from other sources about ancient Mesopotamian life and culture. Creation, genealogies, destructive floods, geography and mapmaking, construction techniques, migrations of peoples, sale and purchase of land, legal customs and procedures, sheepherding and cattleraising--- all these subjects and many others were matters of vital concern to the peoples of Mesopotamia during this time. They were also of interest to the individuals, families and tribes whom we read about in the first 38 chapters of Genesis. The author appears to locate Eden, humankind's first home, in or near Mesopotamia; the tower of Babel was built there; Abram was born there; Isaac took a wife from there; and Jacob lived there for 20 years. Although these patriarchs settled in Canaan, their original homeland was Mesopotamia. The closest ancient literary parallels to Ge 1--38 also come from Mesopotamia. Enuma elish, the story of the god Marduk's rise to supremacy in the Babylonian pantheon, is similar in some respects (though thoroughly mythical and polytheistic) to the Ge 1 creation account. Some of the features of certain king lists from Sumer bear striking resemblance to the genealogy in Ge 5. The 11th tablet of the Gilgamesh epic is quite similar in outline to the flood narrative in Ge 6--8. Several of the major events of Ge 1--8 are narrated in the same order as similar events in the Atrahasis epic. In fact, the latter features the same basic motif of creation-alienation-flood as the Biblical account. Clay tablets found in 1974 at the ancient (c. 2500--2300 B.C.) site of Ebla (modern Tell Mardikh) in northern Syria may also contain some intriguing parallels (see chart, p. xxiii). Two other important sets of documents demonstrate the reflection of Mesopotamia in the first 38 chapters of Genesis. From the Mari letters (see chart, p. xxiv), dating from the patriarchal period, we learn that the names of the patriarchs (including especially Abram, Jacob and Job) were typical of that time. The letters also clearly illustrate the freedom of travel that was possible between various parts of the Amorite world in which the patriarchs lived. The Nuzi tablets (see chart, p. xxiv), though a few centuries later than the patriarchal period, shed light on patriarchal customs, which tended to survive virtually intact for many centuries. The inheritance right of an adopted household member or slave (see 15:1--4), the obligation of a barren wife to furnish her husband with sons through a servant girl (see 16:2--4), strictures against expelling such a servant girl and her son (see 21:10--11), the authority of oral statements in ancient Near Eastern law, such as the deathbed bequest (see 27:1--4,22--23,33; 49:28--33)---these and other legal customs, social contracts and provisions are graphically illustrated in Mesopotamian documents. GENESIS INTRODUCTION KEY APPLICATION FOR LIVING BACKGROUND NOTES CHARACTER INFORMATION B As Ge 1--38 is Mesopotamian in character and background, so chs. 39--50 reflect Egyptian influence---though in not quite so direct a way. Examples of such influence are: Egyptian grape cultivation (40:9--11), the riverside scene (ch. 41), Egypt as Canaan's breadbasket (ch. 42), Canaan as the source of numerous products for Egyptian consumption (ch. 43), Egyptian religious and social customs (the end of chs. 43; 46), Egyptian administrative procedures (ch. 47), Egyptian funerary practices (ch. 50) and several Egyptian words and names used throughout these chapters. The closest specific literary parallel from Egypt is the Tale of Two Brothers, which bears some resemblance to the story of Joseph and Potiphar's wife (ch. 39). Egyptian autobiographical narratives (such as the Story of Sinuhe and the Report of Wenamun) and certain historical legends offer more general literary parallels. AUTHOR AND DATE OF WRITING Historically, Jews and Christians alike have held that Moses was the author/compiler of the first five books of the OT.